MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
December 22, 2021, 15:44
Photo by V. Novikov. Press Service of the Mayor and the Moscow Government
Over the past 10 years, over 1.1 thousand kilometers of new roads have been built in the capital, 100 metro and MCC stations have been opened, and two central diameters have been launched.
More than planned has been done to solve transport problems in Moscow in 10 years, said Sergei Sobyanin during his annual report to the deputies of the Moscow City Duma.
“We have done much more to solve Moscow’s transport problems than we planned in 2010,” he said. – Since 2011, we have opened 100 new metro and MCC stations, near which about five million Muscovites live and work or study. That is, about 10 stations were opened a year on average. The Moscow metro network has grown by 1.5 times. These are the highest rates of development in the history of the Moscow metro. “
Since 2011, 195.4 kilometers of lines have been built, 100 new metro and MCC stations, three additional lobbies and 11 electric depots. The number of operating metro stations has grown to 281.
The key project for the development of the Moscow transport hub was the construction of the Big Circle Line. Now the project has already been completed by 70 percent, there are only nine stations left to open. In 2023, the new ring will be completely closed and will work in full mode.
The BCL will become the longest metro ring line in the world, overtaking the current record holder – the second ring line of the Beijing metro (57 kilometers). Its length will be 70 kilometers, 31 stations and three electric depots will be located on it. Passengers will have access to transfers at the stations of 11 other metro lines, four transfers at the station of the Moscow Central Circle, six transfers at MCD-1 “Belorussko-Savelovsky” (Odintsovo – Lobnya) and MCD-2 “Kursko-Rizhsky” (Nakhabino – Podolsk), as well as 11 changes on the railway line.
“It is necessary to continue the development of the transport system. In the coming years, we plan to expand the metro network by 50-60 new stations, including the completion of the construction of the Big Circle Line and the opening of three new metro lines, ”said Sergei Sobyanin. “The main task is to complete the Big Circle Line in the next one and a half to two years and then transfer all the builders’ capacities to radial directions.”
In the coming years, it is planned to complete the construction of sections of the Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya line from Rasskazovka to Vnukov and the Lyublinsko-Dmitrovskaya line from Seligerskaya to Fiztekh, the Novomoskovskaya station of the Sokolnicheskaya line, a section of the Troitskaya line between the ZIL and Kommunarka ”, as well as to begin work on the extension of the Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya line to the Golyanovo area.
In the future, the Moscow subway will be supplemented by the Rublevo-Arkhangelskaya and Biryulevskaya lines. Funds for construction have already been included in the City’s Targeted Investment Program for 2022–2024.
Railways are also gradually being incorporated into a convenient transportation system, acquiring the same functions as the metro. Back in 2016, traffic on the Moscow Central Circle was launched, and since the end of 2019, MCD-1 “Belorussko-Savelovsky” and MCD-2 “Kursko-Rizhsky”, including 60 stations, most of which are not inferior to the most modern stations, have become available to passengers subway.
Today, new tracks are being laid, railway stations are being reconstructed, transport hubs are being built.
“In 2023–2024, two new diameters will be opened: MCD-3 and MCD-4. As a result, 95 percent of Muscovites will live within walking distance from the stations, ”the Moscow Mayor said.
He added that the road infrastructure in 10 years has grown by 20 percent of what has been built in the entire history of the city: “Moreover, out of 1100 kilometers of new roads, a significant part is made up of the most complex transport structures – tunnels and junctions, flyovers, which have to be built in incredibly complex conditions “.
Thanks to the construction of new chords, interchanges and highways, a new transport framework for Moscow is being formed. The new roads help redistribute traffic, reduce the load on the existing transport network and improve transport accessibility in Moscow districts. The North-West Expressway is ready, work continues on the North-East and South-East Expressways, as well as on the South Road.
In total, in 2022–2023, it is planned to build about 200 kilometers of roads, 70 artificial structures and over 30 pedestrian crossings.
“Road construction is the most important area, due to the fact that the area of streets or roads in Moscow is much smaller than in most other cities in the world. Therefore, we will continue road construction, introducing about 100 kilometers per year, ”said the Moscow Mayor.
In addition, it is planned to upgrade the rolling stock of the Moscow tram by 100 percent, and the metro by 80 percent. “And these are seemingly trivial numbers, but in fact they are a record for most of the world’s cities, simply unattainable. And environmentally friendly electric buses will replace the majority of diesel buses on the streets of Moscow. And we are the first in Europe in this program, ”he added.
According to Sergei Sobyanin, as a result of the projects being implemented, Moscow will become a more comfortable and safe city for all road users: pedestrians, cyclists, public transport passengers and motorists.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.