MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
Health-monitoring robots, techno-guides, algorithms that reveal unreliable news – all this today is created not by scientists from the technology cluster, but by Moscow schoolchildren in computer science lessons.
Moscow plans to completely replace outdated computers in schools – for this city the authorities will purchase 100 thousand new devices… First of all, this will benefit the subject directly related to computers – informatics, as well as teachers who can teach it at a higher level. However, serious changes have long been noticeable – teaching today reminds children of an exciting computer game rather than memorizing rules and software algorithms.
Read about how the teaching of the discipline has changed, what they do in computer science lessons, and what projects high school students create – see the mos.ru article.
Tablets and interactive whiteboards
In recent years, many schools in the capital have updated their equipment, abandoned large stationary computers in favor of laptops and tablets, and also connected wireless Internet – previously they used a cable for this.
In addition to laptop computers, modern computer science classes have acquired constructors for creating robots and even 3D printers.
“Children are familiar with this technique without our participation, almost every home has gadgets and construction sets. But in modern computer science lessons they study how their favorite electronics works and what opportunities it opens up, ”says Mikhail Senyukhin, a teacher of computer science, robotics and mechatronics at the Cyber School of the Moscow Center“ Patriot.Sport ”.
Not only the technical support has changed, but also the content of the subject. If 15 years ago, schoolchildren studied mainly two outdated programming languages: Basic, developed in 1964, and Pascal, created in 1970, today teachers are keeping up with the times.
Teachers, especially the old school, have to constantly deepen their knowledge so as not to correspond to the humorous phrase: “The time has come when computer science teachers learn from high school students.” The exchange of up-to-date information takes place, in particular, in the “MES”, where teachers lay out their developments, ready-made lessons, teaching aids.
Programmers and streamers
Another change – computer science is now not just one of the general disciplines, but a full-fledged direction of pre-professional training. In 2021, 75 Moscow schools joined the IT Classes in Moscow Schools program, which appeared in 2019. Children in IT classes study computer science and information technology in depth, many additionally attend trainings and practice in universities and large technology companies.
“School teachers have the opportunity to train specialized specialists from childhood. Our educational institution, for example, cooperates with the Lyceum of the Yandex Academy. I turned out to be one of the first teachers whom the IT company chose out of a thousand at the time of the start of the project in Moscow three years ago and prepared to conduct classes according to the program of its Lyceum. My students master industrial programming and get a decent professional qualification already at school. And they use these skills to translate their bold ideas into projects, ”notes Dmitry Zhemchuzhnikov.
At the school where Lyudmila Druzherukova teaches, classes for interested children are also held according to the Lyceum program. In addition, high school students attend internships at the Moscow Technical University of Communications and Informatics, the Polytechnic University, the RusHydro Corporation and leading IT companies.
The cyber school, where Mikhail Senyukhin works, specializes in IT, including the development of computer games. Thus, graduates can always turn their hobby into a future profession.
Medical robots and sports robots
In modern computer science lessons, especially in IT classes, schoolchildren create projects that can be immediately patented and put into production. For example, one of Dmitry Zhemchuzhnikov’s students programmed a neural network capable of analyzing online media and finding so-called fake news – unreliable news. Another has developed a “Wright Fang” – a silicone manipulator for people with limited mobility, which is attached to the upper jaw. It consists of a mini-joystick behind the front teeth and buttons on the canines. Thanks to him, you can use the computer with your tongue and teeth. And another ward of Dmitry came up with artificial intelligence for the visually impaired.
“The device consists of two cameras – a stereo pair – and a vibration belt. When a stereopair detects an obstacle, and the microprocessor calculates the distance to it by the difference between the two images, the belt starts vibrating from the side of the obstacle. It is better than audio devices that resemble car navigators (the voice tells you where to go). Hearing is the main channel of perception of the world for visually impaired people, if you take it, disorientation sets in, ”the teacher explains.
During their studies, Vladislav Popov’s wards have implemented several original projects. One development is a website dedicated to wind energy facilities in Russia (for example, wind turbines). Another project is a 3D model of the solar system, in which the proportions of planets and satellites are maintained.
“Our school has an IT training ground. In the classroom, for example, the guys who have chosen an engineering profile create biocircuits for various equipment. So, recently they collected diagrams and applied a program that measures pulse, pressure and makes an ECG. The invention can be useful for hospitals and clinics, ”says Lyudmila Druzherukova.
The students of Mikhail Senyukhin make robotic athletes: sumo wrestlers and football players – goalkeepers, defenders, and attackers. These e-athletes even participate in tournaments.
“I think ten years will pass, and we will be surprised how many new skills people will have to master, when even harvesting will be robotic,” sums up Vladislav Popov.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.