MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
In 2021, 12 stations of the Big Circle Line were opened in the city, 7.4 million square meters of housing, 17 sports facilities and 88 kilometers of roads were built.
In 2021, the main tasks of Moscow builders were to create a comfortable balanced urban environment, develop transport and engineering infrastructure, and fulfill obligations to Muscovites. under the renovation program… The results of the work of the Construction Complex were considered at a meeting of the Presidium of the Moscow Government.
Development of transport infrastructure: metro and MCC
Since 2011, 197.5 kilometers of lines, 100 new stations, 11 depots for the Moscow Metro and the Moscow Central Circle (MCC) have been commissioned in Moscow. The Moscow subway network has grown by 1.5 times.
This year, a new section of the Big Circle Line (BCL) with a length of 25 kilometers was opened for passengers. It includes 12 stations: Narodnoe Opolchenie, Mnevniki, Terekhovo, Kuntsevskaya, Davydkovo, Aminevskaya, Michurinsky Prospekt, Prospekt Vernadsky, Novatorskaya, Vorontsovskaya, Zyuzino “And” Kakhovskaya “. Moreover, in December, for the first time since 1935, so many stations were simultaneously put into operation – 10 at a time… By the end of the year, the tunneling of the Big Circle Metro Line will be fully completed.
The construction readiness of the BCL (only 70 kilometers and 31 stations) today is about 90 percent. The builders plan to close the ring completely in 2023.
Also, work continues on the construction of new radii and the extension of existing lines: Troitskaya, Rublevo-Arkhangelskaya, Sokolnicheskaya to Novomoskovskaya, Lyublinsko-Dmitrovskaya to Phystech, Solntsevskaya to Vnukov and others.
In 2022-2024, it is planned to complete the construction and reconstruction of 64 kilometers of lines, 27 stations and three depots of the Moscow Metro.
Rail transport – surface metro
The Moscow government is implementing a large-scale program to modernize the railway infrastructure of the Central Transport Hub jointly with the Ministry of Transport of Russia, JSC Russian Railways and the administration of the Moscow Region.
Since 2011, 250 kilometers of railway tracks have been built (excluding the MCC), 12 new stops have been opened and 39 existing stops have been reconstructed. Traffic was launched on two Moscow central diameters (MCD): MCD-1 Odintsovo – Lobnya (52 kilometers, 28 stations) and MCD-2 Nakhabino – Podolsk (80 kilometers, 38 stations).
2021 has become one of the most important years in the implementation of the Central Transport Hub development program.
In addition to continuing the construction of new and reconstruction of existing tracks at the Central Transport Hub, the construction and reconstruction of eight stations were completed: Bakovki MCD-1 (January 2021), Shchukinskaya MCD-2 (June 2021), Aminevskaya (December 2021), Aprelevka (September 2021) of the year), Vnukov (April 2021), Kokoshkin (October 2021), Matveyevskaya (December 2021) of the promising MCD-4, as well as Vostochny station (May 2021). Vostochny became the only long-distance train station built in Moscow over the past 100 years.
At Okruzhnaya MCD-1 station, a new platform and the second stage of the southern lobby were opened. An additional lobby was opened at the MCC Lokomotiv station.
The plans for 2022 are to complete the construction of three new and the reconstruction of seven existing railway stations. These are Timiryazevskaya and Okruzhnaya (the second stage, integration with the MCC – organization of the transition according to the principle of “dry feet”) MCD-1, Pechatniki (new) and Maryina Roshcha (new) MCD-2, Tolstopaltsevo, Meshcherskaya, Peredelkino, Lesnoy Gorodok, Ochakovo and Minsk (new) promising MCD-4.
Work continues on the construction of the third and fourth main tracks on the Kiev direction of the Moscow Railway (MZD), a connecting branch between the Kiev and Belorussky directions of the MZD. Reconstruction of the sections Moscow-Kurskaya – Kalanchevskaya and Moscow-Kurskaya – Nizhegorodskaya (the former Karacharovo platform) is also underway. The infrastructure is being modernized to connect the Oktyabrskaya railway and the Kazan direction of the Moscow Railways.
MCD-3 and MCD-4 are planned to open in 2023–2024.
Street road network
In Moscow, they build about 100 kilometers of roads a year. In 2011–2021, 1,121.3 kilometers of roads were built, which is 20 percent of the existing road network. At the same time, 331 artificial structures (bridges, tunnels, overpasses) and 274 off-street pedestrian crossings were erected.
In 2021, the construction of 88 kilometers of roads, 34 artificial structures and 20 pedestrian crossings was completed. Among the commissioned objects:
– a section of the North-Eastern Expressway (SVH) from Otkrytoye to Yaroslavskoye shosse and a traffic intersection at the intersection with Prospekt Mira;
– transport link of the North-East and North-West Chords (NWH) and the overpass of the main course of the temporary storage warehouse from the MCC Botanichesky Sad station to Selskokhozyaistvennaya Street (within the framework of the construction of the temporary storage warehouse section from Yaroslavskoye to Dmitrovskoye highway);
– transport interchange at the intersection of the temporary storage warehouse with the 5th passage of Podbelskoye and Otkrytye shosse;
– an overpass through the MCD-2 railway tracks on the South-East Expressway (SEX) section from Ryazansky Prospekt to the Third Transport Ring;
– a bridge across the Skhodnya River as part of the reconstruction of the Volokolamskoe Highway on the section from the Moscow Ring Road to the Skhodnya River;
– an overpass at the intersection of 1st Sovetskaya Street with the tracks of the Belarusian direction of the Moscow Railway near the Zhavoronki railway platform;
– highway M-3 “Ukraine” – the village of Serednevo – the village of Desna;
– main street of regional significance from the city of Moskovsky to the Filatov Lug metro station.
Plans for 2022–2023 include the construction of about 190 kilometers of roads, 59 artificial structures and 34 pedestrian crossings. The key project will remain the construction of new chord highways – temporary storage warehouse, SEA and South road.
Construction of housing and other real estate
At the end of 2021, 15.1 million square meters of real estate were built in Moscow, including 7.4 million square meters of housing. This is a record in the entire history of the city, including the period of mass housing construction in the 60s of the XX century.
Since 2011, 104.8 million square meters of real estate have been built in Moscow, including 43.6 million square meters of housing. About one million families now live in new apartments built after 2010. And the construction of commercial real estate has created about 770 thousand new jobs.
In the course of the renovation program, about one million Muscovites will move to new apartments. In new quarters, an urban environment of a new quality level is being created: balanced, open, comfortable and attractive.
The program includes 5175 houses – about 350 thousand apartments with a total area of 16.4 million square meters. Currently, in all districts of Moscow, 534 launch sites have been selected for the construction of new houses, the total area of which will be 8.5 million square meters.
Already built 169 new residential buildings with a total area of 2.1 million square meters. 344 houses with a total area of 6.1 million square meters are under construction and design.
The resettlement of 69.7 thousand people from 421 houses has been completed or continues. 47.6 thousand residents have moved to new apartments.
In 2011–2021, about 790 social infrastructure facilities were built in Moscow. Among them – 466 buildings of schools and kindergartens, 110 health care facilities, 153 sports and 59 cultural facilities.
In 2021, the social infrastructure of the city was replenished with 85 objects, including 54 buildings of schools and kindergartens, 10 buildings of medical institutions, 17 sports facilities and four cultural objects.
Plans for 2022–2024 include the construction of 286 kindergarten buildings, schools, clinics, hospital buildings and other social facilities.
The Moscow government is implementing a large-scale program for the construction of about a million square meters of new medical institutions. Among them are the objects of the medical center in Kommunarka, the Moscow Clinical Scientific Center named after A.S. Loginov, the international medical cluster in Skolkovo, the infectious diseases clinic No. 1, the infectious diseases building of the St. Vladimir children’s city clinical hospital, emergency buildings of a number of city hospitals, as well as about 30 polyclinics.
The largest sports facilities to be built in Moscow until 2023 will be:
– international sambo and boxing centers in Luzhniki;
– multifunctional ice complex in Luzhniki;
– multipurpose sports center CSKA on Khodynskoe Pole;
– sports and educational cluster with an ice palace “Sambo-70” Eteri Tutberidze in Yasenevo.
Among the cultural objects built this year are the new stage of the theater “Grandfather Durov’s Corner” and the new building of the children’s art school named after M.I. Glinka. The reconstruction of the Children’s Musical Theater of the Young Actor has been completed. After a comprehensive restoration, the House of Culture “GES-2” was opened on Bolotnaya embankment.
In the near future, it is planned to complete the construction and reconstruction of the Moscow Zoo facilities, including the entrance from the Barrikadnaya metro station, a pedestrian bridge across Bolshaya Gruzinskaya Street and the Pinnipedia pavilion.
Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov and Moscow State Technical University named after N.E. Bauman
The Moscow government takes an active part in the implementation of development programs for two of the country’s leading universities: Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov and Moscow State Technical University named after N.E. Bauman.
The innovative scientific and technical center of Moscow State University “Vorobyovy Gory” is nine clusters with a total area of 455 thousand square meters and 17.2 thousand new jobs.
In January 2021, construction began on the Lomonosov cluster – the flagship of the Innovative Science and Technology Center (INTC). The 10-storey building with an area of 65 thousand square meters will house the offices of high-tech companies with laboratories, clean rooms and coworking spaces, conference rooms and exhibition spaces, service companies, including industrial and 3D design, engineering, certification and intellectual property. The work is planned to be completed by the end of 2022.
In July 2021, the construction of interdisciplinary and educational clusters began. An eight-story building of an interdisciplinary cluster with an area of 97.6 thousand square meters is planned to house a human institute, a block of cognitive research of artificial intelligence, a block for the development of innovative sports technologies, a transnational megaproject “United Eurasia”, scientific and technological laboratories, an expo block with a congress hall. Now the builders are laying the foundation for the building. The 16-storey building of the educational cluster with an area of 15.9 thousand square meters will be intended to accommodate the management structures of the INTC, the educational block, scientific and technological startups and general services of the INTC, as well as for holding specialized events and conferences. Now the construction of the overground part of the monolithic frame of the building is underway.
It is planned to complete the work by the end of 2023.
The new campus of the Moscow State Technical University named after N.E. Bauman will represent an ultra-modern scientific and educational space. It will house more than a dozen interdisciplinary scientific clusters, multifunctional transformable educational and library spaces, a complex of modern dormitories for 2,400 students, as well as sports infrastructure, culture and leisure facilities.
Coordination of design and estimate documentation, registration of land and property relations and preparation of construction sites are underway.
Mnevnikovskaya floodplain and the National Space Center
Complex development awaits the territory Mnevnikovskaya floodplain… Comfortable residential quarters are being built here and a modern transport infrastructure is being created. The metro stations “Mnevniki” and “Terekhovo” were opened. There will also be a school for 2,700 children and a kindergarten for 1,150 children.
One of the largest sports clusters in the city will be created in the Mnevnikovskaya floodplain, including the Alexander Ovechkin Ice Hockey Academy, the Volna surf park, Tatiana Navka’s ice arena, rugby stadium and a curling center.
The area of parks and pedestrian embankments of the Mnevnikovskaya floodplain will be 78 hectares. The new facilities will create 29 thousand jobs.
The development of the territory of the State Space Research and Production Center named after M.V. Khrunichev, where 2.3 million square meters of residential, commercial and industrial real estate will be built and over 30 thousand jobs will be created. The main facility under construction here is the new building complex of the National Space Center. It is planned to be commissioned in 2023.
Development of the Troitsky and Novomoskovsky administrative areas
The active development of the Troitsky and Novomoskovsky districts continues, on the territory of which 3.2 million square meters of real estate and more than 45 kilometers of roads were built in 2021.
In total, since 2012, 20 million square meters of real estate have been built in the new territories of the capital, including 110 social facilities, and 180 thousand jobs have been created. Eight metro stations were opened here and about 290 kilometers of roads were built.
Plans for 2022-2024 include the construction of 80 kilometers of roads and 11 million square meters of real estate, including 104 social facilities. The construction of Troitskaya and Biryulevskaya metro lines and new highways will continue.
Examination of expenses in budget construction
Large-scale infrastructure development is possible only if budget funds are used wisely and economically. In 2021, following the results of an examination of design estimates, it was possible to save funds from the Moscow budget in the amount of 96.5 billion rubles. The total cost of construction of facilities was reduced by 17.2 percent.
In total, over the past 11 years, the examination of projects under state orders has saved 1.18 trillion rubles.
To optimize the timing and increase the efficiency of construction in Moscow, within the framework of a pilot project, BIM (Building Information Modeling) technologies are being introduced – information modeling throughout the entire life cycle of an object. In fact, a three-dimensional model of a construction object is created, with the help of which you can change certain parameters of the structure and automatically receive ready-made drawings, visualizations, specifications and a work schedule.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.