MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
The members of the headquarters discussed the situation with the spread of COVID-19, as well as the readiness of the regions for long weekends and holidays.
Deputy Prime Minister Tatyana Golikova held the final in 2021 meeting of the operational headquarters to prevent the import and spread of a new coronavirus infection in Russia. The members of the headquarters discussed the situation with the spread of COVID-19, as well as the readiness of the regions for long weekends and holidays. The meeting was attended by representatives of all 85 subjects.
According to Tatyana Golikova, the epidemiological indicators in the country have been declining over the past seven weeks, however, it is important to take all necessary measures to prevent an increase in the incidence after long weekends and holidays. Given the upcoming New Year holidays, when the number of people-to-people contacts is increasing and many citizens are traveling abroad, the risks of the spread of COVID-19, including the new Omicron strain, are increasing. This requires the preparedness of all levels of the health care system. “Festive events are planned in a number of regions. In order for them to pass without further epidemic complications, I ask the heads of the subjects to pay close attention to their organization, and also not to allow the premature lifting of restrictive measures, ”said the Deputy Prime Minister.
The head of Rospotrebnadzor Anna Popova and Minister of Health Mikhail Murashko reported on the measures taken against the spread of COVID-19.
As the head of Rospotrebnadzor Anna Popova noted, the department developed and approved methodological recommendations “On the organization of anti-epidemic (preventive) measures during the New Year holidays.” Recommendations were sent to all regions.
Control over restrictive measures carried out in the regions continues. The mask mode is maintained throughout the country. The highest incidence rates of new coronavirus infection are still observed in the older generation. In all regions, restrictive measures have been established for people over 60 years old and people with chronic diseases; the regime of disinfection on public transport, in taxis, as well as in other places of mass stay of people has been strengthened. In 66 regions, a ban was introduced on the provision of catering services from 23:00 to 6:00.
Organized admission of persons to various events with a certificate: when visiting cultural and entertainment events – in 79 regions, when visiting public catering facilities – in 75 regions; sporting events – in 77 regions; for checking into hotels – in 62 regions; to visit shopping centers – in 55 regions; when visiting service establishments – in 37 regions; in one region – by transport.
The average daily testing coverage over the past week was 331 per 100 thousand population. At the same time, 21 subjects do not comply with the required level of testing, which is set at a level of at least 300 per 100 thousand of the population. “I ask the heads of the regions to pay special attention so that during the holidays the level of testing does not decrease, in order to timely detect the disease and provide the necessary medical assistance,” Anna Popova emphasized. She noted that express tests were sent to the regions for the purpose of differentiated diagnosis of coronavirus, influenza, SARS and other diseases similar in symptomatology.
The head of Rospotrebnadzor called on the regions to completely disinfect the vacated departments, as well as preschool institutions, schools and universities before the start of classes.
Separately, the head of Rospotrebnadzor dwelled on the features of the Omicron strain. “The situation in those countries where there is a proliferation of Omicron is alarming,” Anna Popova emphasized. On behalf of the President of Russia, specialists from Rospotrebnadzor and the Ministry of Health took part in the study of the Omicron strain in South Africa. “Visits to hospitals showed that almost all hospitalized people are people who have not previously had coronavirus and have not been vaccinated. And also people with a history of endocrine pathologies, such as diabetes and oncology, ”said the head of Rospotrebnadzor. The new strain contains a significant number of mutations. It is sensitive to all disinfectants and unstable in the environment, therefore all surface treatment measures taken are effective. Omicron is transmitted much faster – it is more infectious, according to various estimates, from 3 to 5 times. The incubation period is reduced: the maximum remains 14 days, but the first clinical signs appear already on the 3-5th day. At the same time, the vaccines used in Russia are effective against the new strain, therefore it is important to maintain a high level of vaccination and revaccination.
According to the Minister of Health, 77% of COVID-19 patients receive treatment on an outpatient basis, the rest are inpatient. “We continue to see that a large number of patients are in intensive care units. More than 4 thousand people are on artificial lung ventilation and ECMO, ”said Mikhail Murashko.
The amount of the reserve bed fund is 30%. “In 16 subjects, there is an increase in the number of hospitalized in a serious condition, which indicates that citizens are late to see a doctor,” the minister emphasized.
Following the results of the trip to South Africa, specialists from the Ministry of Health, together with specialists from Rospotrebnadzor, thoroughly studied the issues of the clinic and the course of the disease. As Mikhail Murashko noted, the Omicron clinic resembles a flu-like course, so rapid testing is urgently needed. Symptoms include sore throat, low-grade fever, myalgia, intoxication and damage to the gastrointestinal tract. “The experience of other countries, where Omicron is widely disseminated, shows that less hospitalization is required for those infected with this strain, but due to the rapid course and a large number of patients, the load on the medical system increases like an avalanche,” the Minister of Health said.
He stressed that it is necessary to actively carry out vaccinations and especially revaccinations throughout all holidays. “Vaccination is effective protection against both the Delta strain and the Omicron strain. There are enough vaccine reserves in the regions, ”Mikhail Murashko said.
The minister urged the regions during the New Year holidays to pay special attention to timely discharge from hospitals in order to prevent overload and long stays in medical institutions. He noted that control over the availability and uninterrupted provision of medical organizations with medicines, personal protective equipment, medical oxygen and diagnostic tools has been organized. The healthcare system is on high alert.
“I ask our citizens not to wait until the end of the holidays, but to consult a doctor in a timely manner when the first signs of illness appear. This will preserve your health and the health of your loved ones, as well as prevent the severe course of COVID-19, “Tatiana Golikova concluded.
As a result of the meeting of the operational headquarters, Tatyana Golikova was given a number of instructions.
The highest officials of the regions, under their personal control, ensure:
– strict observance of sanitary and epidemiological requirements in accordance with the decisions of the Chief State Sanitary Doctor;
– Carrying out, by January 10, 2022, measures to disinfect vacated premises in medical organizations, stationary social service organizations, organizations of preschool, primary general, basic general and secondary general education, secondary vocational education and institutions of higher education, including the premises of catering units;
– an irreducible level of testing coverage of the population of at least 300 per 100 thousand of the population for a new coronavirus infection and a multiple increase in testing coverage;
– taking additional measures to prevent the spread of the new coronavirus infection and reduce the incidence rate;
– strengthening control over the isolation of persons with a confirmed diagnosis of a new coronavirus infection, contact persons and persons returning to the territory of Russia from foreign countries with an unfavorable epidemiological situation;
– improving the quality and availability of medical care for people with a new coronavirus infection, paying special attention to the timing of diagnosis and the beginning of treatment of the infection in order to prevent the worsening of the severity of the course of the disease;
– formation of a reserve of a specialized bed fund for the treatment of patients with a new coronavirus infection;
– taking additional measures to increase the coverage of the population with immunoprophylaxis against new coronavirus infection and influenza, paying special attention to people over the age of 60 and citizens suffering from chronic diseases;
– achievement of the established indicators of the level of collective immunity against a new coronavirus infection and its maintenance through timely vaccination of those who have recovered and re-vaccination of those immunized;
– the readiness of medical organizations to work in the face of a possible increase in the number of patients with a new coronavirus infection, including emergency medical services, the availability of reagents for laboratory research;
– operation of vaccination points against a new coronavirus infection during long weekends and holidays;
– timely and full cash execution of federal budget funds provided for drug provision of patients with new coronavirus infection on an outpatient basis.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.