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5 January 2022, 09:04

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Small buyers of the New Year tree A. Baskina and N. Sinitsyn. Photo by V. Khristoforov. December 20, 1967 Main Archive of Moscow

Before the revolution, green beauties were sold in pastry shops, and after 1917, the tree fell out of favor.

Celebrating the New Year the way we are used to began in Moscow in 1700 under Peter I.

In the imperial decree of 1699, the townspeople were recommended “to make decorations from the trees and branches of pine, spruce and juniper.” Over time, Christmas trees have become a traditional symbol of the winter holiday. But this was not always the case: after 1917, the evergreen tree was even banned. The materials will tell about what times the green beauties experienced Glavarchiv.

In pre-revolutionary Russia, the Christmas tree was a guide to the world of gifts and edible surprises. Christmas trees decorated with apples and pears, sugar, chocolate, marzipan figurines covered with gold leaf and walnuts were sold in confectioneries. Real wax candles were attached to the branches of the tree. Children from wealthy or working families received various toys for the holiday: horses, steam locomotives, drawing supplies. They also gave gifts to orphanages – hats, greatcoats, sashes, scarves.

Christmas bazaars appeared by the middle of the 19th century – first in St. Petersburg and then in Moscow. One of the most popular fairs was located in Okhotny Ryad. At that time, charity Christmas bazaars were also held, the funds from which went to help children’s hospitals and other institutions.

Since the second half of the 1920s, the spruce as a symbol of the holiday was temporarily banned. This was due to the fact that the trees must be preserved, and the forests must not be cut down. The Glavarkhiv has preserved a record with the memoirs of the printing artist G. Reshetin, who was born in 1922. He said that his mother, even despite the ban, brought the children a Christmas tree from the forest every year. She camouflaged her and camouflaged her so that the woman on the train would not be arrested and taken away from the tree.

In the mid-1930s, the sale of Christmas trees in Moscow markets, and then at special Christmas tree bazaars, resumed. Spruce prices were regulated by the state. So, in Moscow in December 1945, a Christmas tree up to a meter high cost five rubles, a two-meter spruce cost 11 rubles, and a forest beauty with a height of nine to 10 meters was estimated at 650 rubles. The crown of such a tree was up to three meters in radius.

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EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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