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January 19, 2022, 07:03

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The film poster “Battleship Potemkin” (author A. Lavinsky) is an exhibit of the exhibition of applied graphics in the Central Exhibition Hall. 1963 Main Archive of Moscow Clipping from the Pravda newspaper. November 30, 1984. Main Archive of Moscow

The film was awarded a gold medal at the International Exhibition of Decorative Arts in Paris.

On January 18, 1926, the film “Battleship Potemkin” was released. The film was shown at the 1st State Cinema – now it is the Khudozhestvenny cinema on Arbatskaya Square. The tape was removed for the 20th anniversary of the 1905 revolution. Work on a film dedicated to one of the events of those years – the riot of sailors on the battleship “Prince Potemkin-Tavrichesky”, was entrusted to 27-year-old Sergei Eisenstein. The script was written by Nina Agadzhanova in just three months. Later, the director recalled Nina Agadzhanova like this: “I wish there were more such screenwriters now. Through the historical-revolutionary past, she led me to the historical-revolutionary present.

The scenario included many revolutionary events. But the production of the film was carried out in a short time, because the whole picture was based on only two pages of Agadzhanova’s work – it described the uprising on the ship.

The basis of the plot was a real case when the crew of the Prince Potemkin-Tavrichesky ship was tried to be fed with wormy meat. The sailors were indignant and staged a riot. The leader of the uprising died, and his funeral in Odessa turned into a real rally, during which there were casualties. The film takes place to the music of Dmitry Shostakovich.

It is noteworthy that only a few professional actors took part in the work on the film, and mostly non-professionals played in front of the camera – ordinary residents of Odessa.

A truly innovative episode was the raising of the red flag at the end of the picture. Since the film was in black and white, the filmmakers had to hand-paint the flag.

The film premiered at the Bolshoi Theater at the end of December 1925. The response was the admiring responses of the audience and professional film critics. And not only in the USSR – at the international level, Eisenstein’s tape was also a resounding success and awards. For example, a gold medal at the International Exhibition of Decorative Arts in Paris and the title of the film of the year from the American Academy of Motion Picture Arts.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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