MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
Mikhail Mishustin: “More than 8 million people live in the regions of this district. For such a vast territory – 11 subjects of the Russian Federation – this is quite a bit.
Government House, Moscow
Opening remarks by Mikhail Mishustin:
Good afternoon, dear colleagues!
On behalf of the President, we are holding a strategic session today to discuss the priority tasks necessary for the sustainable development of the Far East. The most important of these is demographics.
This is our second meeting. We talked about how to ensure population growth in this district at the strategic session last October. Then the main areas of work were identified and we had to assess our capabilities, determine how effective the existing tools are, and prepare proposals taking into account national development goals.
All the initiatives that were proposed had to be worked out with the relevant departments. Yuri Petrovich Trutnev and Minister for the Development of the Far East and the Arctic Alexei Olegovich Chekunkov supervised this process.
List of participants
List of participants in the strategic session on ensuring population growth in the Far East, January 19, 2022
Today we will discuss the results of the work done. I look forward to hearing specific proposals that will help increase the attractiveness of the Far East.
More than 8 million people live in the regions of this district. For such a vast territory – 11 constituent entities of the Russian Federation – this is quite a bit. The President noted that although the outflow of people from the Far East has decreased, it still remains, and over the previous three years, the number of local residents has decreased by about 100 thousand people.
But there is also an influx of people to the Far East. During the same period, more than 20 thousand people came to the district. Moreover, among them there are many young specialists aged 20-24, who are so needed there.
Such an obvious imbalance in the structure of the population must be corrected, and for this we have gathered here today. We have to answer many difficult questions: how to make it so that fewer and fewer residents leave the Far East than to attract young people, highly qualified specialists there, and not only on shifts, but on a permanent basis, so that they acquire housing there, a land plot, open business, making investments for the future. The quality and pace of changes in the Far Eastern Federal District as a whole depend on the conditions under which people live in these regions.
We in the Government are very attentive to the development of the Far East. These issues are always on our agenda. And at the next government meeting, we plan to consider a package of bills that should stimulate housing construction there and simplify a number of procedures in this area, which I will talk about a little later.
In addition to legislative activities, members of the Government regularly visit the Far East on business trips. This allows you to build feedback with people in order to better take into account local specifics, as well as monitor how the implementation of programs and instructions of the President is going.
At such meetings, residents most often say that they are worried about the lack of modern infrastructure, and on a fairly wide range of issues. This is not only gasification or supply of electricity networks, but also the development of medical and educational institutions, opportunities for cultural leisure, sports. When solving such issues, one must take into account that there are completely different distances. Many people live in remote areas, which means that it is necessary to establish transport accessibility and reliable communication.
Almost all activities are reflected in the National Program for the Socio-Economic Development of the Far East for the next 13 years. It was launched more than a year ago on behalf of the President, and over 100 billion rubles are provided for its implementation this year. The head of state drew attention to the fact that the main goal of the program is to ensure the flow of people to the Far Eastern regions. And for this, of course, it is necessary to create conditions for a faster growth in the quality of life.
Particular attention is paid to the modernization of primary care institutions. Also, payments under the Zemsky Doctor and Zemsky Paramedic programs were increased. Since last year, doctors who move to work in Far Eastern villages have been receiving 2 million rubles, and paramedics, midwives and nurses, including those in FAPs, have received 1 million. We hope that these measures will help resolve the personnel issue in healthcare in the Far East and, as a result, improve the quality of medical care.
Good results are also shown by a number of special tools created to move people to this district and solve housing issues. I mean the Far Eastern Hectare and Far Eastern Mortgage programs. As of the beginning of January, about 100,000 people have already received land plots, more than 68,000 hectares are already being developed, and almost 33,000 residents of the Far East have been able to improve their living conditions.
However, the situation in this area remains difficult. The cost per square meter in the Far Eastern Federal District is approximately 15% higher than the national average. In order to stimulate the construction of affordable housing, as well as transport, communal, social infrastructure facilities necessary for the convenience of people, we will adjust the legislation. Developers will be able to receive benefits for residents of the territories of advanced socio-economic development in a simplified manner. We are planning to consider the relevant package of bills at a government meeting this Friday.
We hope that this will help alleviate the acute demand for modern and high-quality housing in the Far East.
There is another issue that needs to be addressed with close attention. If we want to attract young people, they must have prospects, which means education that is in demand by the market, which will help them find employment and become an incentive to plan their careers in the Far Eastern regions. Moreover, the unemployment rate in the federal district has been declining over the past year. I believe that in solving personnel issues, an integrated approach is important, when the availability of versatile education and cultural development is ensured for all ages, at every stage, starting from kindergarten. This also applies to advanced training and retraining, including with the use of distance technologies.
The President has repeatedly drawn attention to the fact that it is necessary to take into account the strategic prospects of the Far East and set ambitious goals. Their successful implementation requires competent, well-trained professionals and young leaders, whom we will help to prepare.
Colleagues, Deputy Prime Ministers, heads of regions and the leadership of relevant ministries are participating in our conversation today. Everyone will have the opportunity to speak, to express their point of view.
Please be very specific. Difficulties should not be hushed up, and feel free to offer your ideas.
The results of our today’s session will be reported to the President.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.