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MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –

January 26, 2022, 11:00


Odd side of Cannon Street. Photo by B. Markus. 1980s. Main Archive of Moscow

More than five centuries ago, where Muscovites and tourists now walk, cannons and bells were cast.

Main Archive of Moscow showed materials about a small street with a rich history, located in the very center of the capital – Pushechnaya. It connects Lubyanskaya Square with Neglinnaya Street, where the Neglinka River flowed until the first quarter of the 19th century.

More than 500 years ago, from the end of the 15th century, the first Cannon Yard in the city worked in this area, where bells and cannons were cast. For their manufacture, clay models were formed on a wooden rod, then the required volume was removed and metal was poured into the resulting space. The Neglinka River suffered greatly from emissions from such production – the Pogany Pond was formed here. Blacksmiths and grooms settled near it, thanks to which the toponym Kuznetsky Most appeared on the map of Moscow.

The section of the street near Cannon Yard was for some time called Cannon Lane. Then for many years it was replaced by the name Sofiyka, which arose because of the Church of Sophia the Wisdom of God, which has stood here since the 17th century. In 1922, the street was returned to its former name – Pushechnaya.

Today in the Moscow Kremlin Museums you can see an impressive collection of cannons cast in the 16th-17th centuries at the Moscow Cannon Yard. Well-known craftsmen worked here: Fyodor Kirillov, Martyan Osipov, Yakov Dubin and Andrey Chokhov, who cast the Tsar Cannon.

Images of the Cannon Yard on the old plans of the city have survived to this day. The round foundry barn was surrounded by moulds, forges and warehouses. Based on these materials, the painter Appolinariy Vasnetsov created the graphic work The Cannon Foundry in the 17th century, which is now kept in the Museum of Moscow.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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