MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
The Ministry of Defense of Russia, based on documents from the funds of the Central Asian Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, opens a new historical and educational section “We are the soldiers of the Leningrad army, the Immortal Leningrad garrison”, dedicating it to the feat of the Leningrad volunteers who defended their native city from the Nazi invaders.
The section contains historical archival materials describing in detail the formation and combat operations of the Leningrad People’s Militia Army (LANO) and the Leningrad Air Defense Army: pages of historical forms and combat logs of rifle divisions formed from volunteer formations are presented; award materials for volunteer heroes whose names are given to the streets of the hero-city; as well as resolutions of the Military Councils of the Northern, and then the Leningrad fronts; combat logs and operational documents of the period of the operation to break the blockade (strategic operation “Iskra” in 1943).
From the very beginning of the Great Patriotic War, thousands of people came to the assembly points of the military registration and enlistment offices of Leningrad, subject to both conscription for mobilization and volunteers. The Soviet command, taking into account the desire of citizens to become defenders of the Fatherland and the situation at the front, decided to form a 100,000-strong militia army in Leningrad as a special reserve.
By September 1941, 135,000 Leningraders had joined the ranks of volunteer divisions and separate battalions. At the same time, seven formations of them were transformed into regular rifle divisions of the Red Army (13th, 44th, 56th, 80th, 85th, 86th and 189th).
From their first battles, units of the people’s militia distinguished themselves by high morale. Volunteers who went to the front from patriotic aspirations quickly learned military science and gained combat experience. The fact that they played an exceptionally important role in the defense of Leningrad is also evidenced by the fact that after the war, grateful descendants erected monuments to them and named the streets of the city after them.
The publication of historical documents from the funds of the Central Archive of the Ministry of Defense of Russia about the formations of the people’s militia near Leningrad and volunteer soldiers is aimed at military-patriotic education, the protection and protection of historical truth, and at countering the falsification of history.
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EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and/or sentence structure not be perfect.