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MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –

Anton Chekhov is angry at bare navels, Marina Tsvetaeva thinks about Stanislavsky’s gray hair, and Mikhail Bulgakov thinks about a busy million.

Today, probably, everyone will remember the lines of Boris Pasternak, written 110 years ago: “February. Get ink and cry! / Write sobbing about February, / While the rumbling slush / Burns black in spring.

We offer you to look into the letters and diary entries of poets and prose writers, made in different years in February, and find out what bothered or pleased them.

Alexander Ostrovsky is pleased with the staging of his play

“I am very sorry that Fyodor Mikhailovich did not find me at home; I was sick all this time and did not leave the house for long; at the present time I have rheumatism in my hands, and I myself cannot write to you. I am happy to take part in the journal you publish; Unfortunately, I cannot promise you anything soon, because there is nothing that has been started, except for the play that I promised; then I will send you the first play that I write.” (From a letter February 23–25, 1864.)

Alexander Ostrovsky maintained warm relations with Mikhail Dostoevsky, the elder brother of Fyodor Dostoevsky, playwright, and magazine publisher. In one of them, the magazine “Vremya”, at one time Ostrovsky’s plays “The Marriage of Balzaminov” and “Sin and trouble do not live on” were published.

The letter, an excerpt from which is placed above, is about the Epoch magazine, which Mikhail Dostoevsky conceived just in 1864. It was supposed that Ostrovsky’s new plays would be published in it, but this did not happen: The Epoch very quickly ceased to exist. Perhaps Ostrovsky wanted to propose for publication “Jokers” or “Voevoda” (“Dream on the Volga”).

“I am also very glad, dearest friend, that my “Imposter” is not with you; it should either be set well, or not set at all. The Pretender in Moscow was a huge success. Shuisky, beyond expectation, was weak, but Vilde was excellent. I was called even in the midst of acts, in the third after the scene with my mother, in the fifth after the folk scene, and then at the end of the play, and they called me unanimously, by the whole theater and several times. Agafya Ivanovna felt better – for two weeks now I have been resting my soul.

And these are lines from a letter addressed three years later to Fyodor Burdin, an actor in the Imperial Theaters and a close friend of Ostrovsky. It was in Bourdin’s house that the playwright read new plays before giving them to directors. In the letter, Ostrovsky talks about the play “Dmitry the Pretender and Vasily Shuisky”, created based on the events of the Time of Troubles, a continuation of “Boris Godunov” by Alexander Pushkin.

Agafya Ivanovna, who is mentioned in the letter, was Ostrovsky’s first wife, with whom he lived in an actual marriage for about 20 years. It was she who became his first reader and wise and fair critic.

Anton Chekhov sits at home and criticizes

“What is the weather like in Moscow, I don’t know how to say, because, like a schemamonk, I sit within four walls and do not show my nose to the street.”

Such lines from Anton Pavlovich on February 26, 1888 were received by Nikolai Leikin, the publisher of the humorous weekly Shards, in which Chekhov began to publish stories under pseudonyms. By the time of writing the letter, he had already managed to achieve success – his plays “On the dangers of tobacco”, “Swan Song”, the stories “Steppe”, “Live Goods” and “Belated Flowers”, numerous stories were published. In October 1888, he received half the Pushkin Prize from the Academy of Sciences for his collection At Twilight (1887).

In the same letter, Chekhov thanks Leikin for his novel entitled The Satyr and the Nymph, or the Adventures of Trifon Ivanovich and Akulina Stepanovna, which he sent him as a gift. “I’m sending the book tomorrow for binding,” he says. Toward the end of the letter, Anton Pavlovich allows himself some criticism of the Shards. “… why did you so often begin to place bare-footedness and bare-footedness on the first page? Really, the public is not up to the brothels now, ”he reproaches the publisher, referring to the cover art of the magazine, which seemed to him too frivolous.

Marina Tsvetaeva is sad

February 1919 was painted for Marina Tsvetaeva in mourning color. Actor of the Moscow Art Theater, teacher Alexei Stakhovich, disappointed with his environment and the revolution, passed away. Before that, he fully paid off all his debts, rewarded the secretary for many years of service. Tsvetaeva, who knew the artist personally and admired him, described the funeral in The Death of Stakhovich:

“I am with Alya at Antokolsky. Resurrection. Melts. We have just come from the Church of the Savior, where we listened to the counter-revolutionary whisper of wanderers and – in small hats – in fur coats with “puffs” – thin and kind – women – not women – ladies – not ladies, with whom it is so good to go to the cemetery. There were a lot of people in the church, I didn’t know anyone. I remember the gray head of Stanislavsky and my thought: “He must be cold without a hat” and tenderness over this gray head.

History of museum buildings. Going to visit Marina Tsvetaeva

Mikhail Bulgakov walks on the remains of soles

“The darkest period of my life is coming. My wife and I are starving. I had to take some flour, vegetable oil and potatoes from my uncle. Boris has a million. I ran all over Moscow – there is no place. Valenki crumbled.”

Mikhail Afanasyevich made this despairing entry in his diary on February 9, 1922. He moved to Moscow a year ago, wanting to change his medical career to writing. It was too early to talk about successes in the literary field – he did not achieve them right away. In order to receive at least some money, Bulgakov worked as a secretary in the Main Political Education Department under the People’s Commissariat of Education, in the Commercial and Industrial Bulletin. In 1922 he worked as a letter processor in the Gudok newspaper. He also published his own works there – in four years more than 100 of his reports, essays and feuilletons were published, but he received negligible for this. The long-awaited success came only in 1924, when the story “Diaboliad” was published in the literary almanac “Nedra”.

And then, in 1922, he complained a lot about life in general and the weather in particular. On February 15, the following lines appeared in his diary:

“The weather turned bad. Today is frosty. I walk on the remnants of soles. Valenki fell into disrepair. We live starving. Lots of debt.”

“A wonderful house, I swear!” Moscow addresses of Mikhail Bulgakov Four sisters and two brothers. How did the fate of the relatives of Mikhail Bulgakov

Vladimir Mayakovsky surrenders a pantomime to the circus

“So far, of course, I haven’t accumulated any special news. I gave the circus a pantomime, I liked it very much. They immediately signed a contract with me for a review for the Music Hall.

This letter, written on February 24, 1930, went to Berlin, where Lilya Brik went with her husband to her mother. Mayakovsky was very bored, but things going uphill allowed him to be distracted. In the letter, he refers to the play for the circus “Moscow is on fire”, written in honor of the 25th anniversary of the 1905 revolution. Shortly before that, on January 23, Mayakovsky signed an agreement with the Central Directorate of State Circuses.

On February 20, he read the play at a meeting of the Artistic and Political Council of the CUGC, and two days later he signed another contract – for a political and satirical review in five acts on the defense theme “Hold on!”. It was decided that the melody “Moscow is on fire” would be shown at the First Moscow State Circus. The author himself helped the artists cope with the content and form of poetry.

True, he did not live to see the premiere, which took place on April 21. Terrible news found the Briks all in the same Germany. The porter of the hotel where they stayed on the way home brought them a telegram with the news of Mayakovsky’s death.

Muse of the Russian avant-garde. Five photographs of Lily Brik from the Mayakovsky Museum Gentle notes of Mayakovsky. Favorite exhibits of the curator of the museum of the poet

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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