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Last year, passenger traffic gradually recovered, which had declined due to the pandemic. New metro and MCD stations also opened.

During the meeting of the Presidium of the Moscow Government, the results of the development of the transport system in 2021 were summed up. As reported by the Deputy Mayor of Moscow for Transport Maxim Liksutov, the main trend of the past year was the gradual recovery of public transport passenger traffic, which was significantly reduced in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition, the active development of transport infrastructure continued.

Main trends

In the fourth quarter of 2021, on weekdays, the passenger traffic of public transport in Moscow reached 13.4 million trips per day – 37 percent more than in the same period in 2020 (9.8 million), but 17 percent less than in 2019 ( 16.2 million).

The growth in passenger traffic was observed on all major types of public transport – in the subway (by 42 percent), surface (by 35 percent) and suburban rail transport (by 16 percent). At the same time, the number of MCC and MCD passengers exceeded the pre-pandemic figures of 2019 (MTC — by two percent, MCD — by eight percent). This suggests that the ring and diameters have become a convenient alternative to other types of urban transport and a private car.

In the context of the pandemic, passengers have become more likely to choose taxis for travel, as well as use bicycle and scooter rentals. In 2021, the daily number of taxi trips exceeded the pre-pandemic level of 2019 by 27 percent and amounted to 1.35 million trips, by bicycles and scooters – by 77 percent, reaching 60 thousand trips.

The number of trips by private transport has also increased. In the fourth quarter of 2021, 3.11 million cars drove onto the streets of the city daily, which is almost 50,000 more than in 2019 and 150,000 more than in 2020.

In general, in 2021, 62 percent of the total number of trips in the city was made by public transport, 38 percent by private cars.

The task for the coming years is to restore the demand for public transport. This is planned to be done, among other things, through the development of infrastructure, the creation of new attractive services for passengers, and compliance with strict epidemiological safety standards.

Metro, MCC and MCD

In the fourth quarter of 2021, on working days, the passenger flow of the Moscow Metro reached 7.54 million trips per day (this is 42% more than in 2020), including the MCC — 0.55 million (37% more than in 2020).

The MCD made 0.56 million trips (17 percent more than in 2020), commuter rail transport in general – 1.73 million trips (16 percent more than in 2020).

The possibility of free transfers between the metro, MCC and MCD allowed passengers to save 3.7 billion rubles during 2021.

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The main event of last year in the subway was the opening of 12 stations — a section of the Big Circle Line (BKL) from Khoroshevskaya to Kakhovskaya. Dozens of new routes have reached 1.4 million people, many of which save up to 40 minutes on daily trips around the city.

By the end of last year, the passenger traffic of the new BCL stations reached 550,000 passengers per day, which is equal to the number of passengers on the MCC. Thus, already today, even before the completion of construction, the BKL has become the most important element of Moscow’s transport infrastructure.

With the opening of a new section of the BCL, the load on sections of the radial metro lines inside the large ring has decreased: Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya – by eight percent, Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya – by seven percent, Filevskaya and Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya – by three percent. The MCC became freer by four percent.

In total, 100 new metro and MCC stations, as well as 60 MCD stations, have been opened in Moscow since 2010. This is the highest rate of development of off-street transport in the history of the city.

In 2021, the Central Transport Hub completed the construction and reconstruction of eight station complexes (seven stations on the MCD and one station for long-distance trains):

— Bakovka station (opened in January 2021) at MCD-1;

— Vnukovo station (opened in April 2021) on the Kiev direction of the Moscow Railway (MZD) (will be part of MCD-4);

— Vostochny station for long-distance trains (opened in May 2021);

— Schukinskaya station (opened in June 2021) at MCD-2;

— Aprelevka station (opened in September 2021) on the Kiev direction of the Moscow Railway (will be part of the MCD-4);

— Kokoshkino station (opened in October 2021) on the Kiev direction of the Moscow Railway (will be part of the MCD-4);

— Aminyevskaya station (opened in December 2021) on the Kiev direction of the Moscow Railway (will be part of the MCD-4);

– Matveevskaya station (opened in December 2021) on the Kiev direction of the Moscow Railway (will be part of the MCD-4).

Vostochny became the first passenger station for long-distance trains opened in Moscow over the past 100 years. About 40 thousand passengers use it daily.

New wagons

The renewal of the metro rolling stock continues at an unprecedented pace. Since 2010, it has been updated by 70 percent, 3,885 new metro cars have been purchased. In 2021, 337 modern Moskva cars entered the line.

The rolling stock of suburban railway transport is also being actively updated. Since 2010, the fleet has been updated by 65 percent, 3,550 new cars have been purchased. In 2021, 275 new cars entered the line. The park of Moscow Central Diameters has been completely renovated.

Ground transport

In the fourth quarter of 2021, on working days, surface transport passenger traffic amounted to 4.03 million trips per day (35 percent more than in 2020).

As part of the renewal of the rolling stock, 400 electric buses were purchased last year, and the thousandth electric bus entered the route. More than 350,000 passengers a day use this eco-friendly transport. Moscow has become the leader among European and American cities in terms of the number of electric buses.

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Additionally, 12.4 kilometers of dedicated lanes for public transport have been organized. Their total length reached 392.4 kilometers. More than 2.7 million passengers (including taxis) use dedicated lanes daily.

The Moscow tram fleet has been updated by 93 percent. In total, 674 trams have been purchased in recent years, and 109 trams were delivered in 2021.

Work continues on updating the stops of ground urban passenger transport. So, in 2021, more than 300 new-style pavilions were installed.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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