MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
Restorers work in the Great Cathedral of the Donskoy Monastery, the Abrikosovs’ house, the Izmalkovo estate, in several pavilions of VDNKh and at many other architectural monuments.
This year, specialists are carrying out restoration work at 526 objects. About it on my blog Sergey Sobyanin said. Among the buildings that are currently being restored are the Variety Theatre, the Izmalkovo estate, the Great Cathedral of the Donskoy Monastery and others.
“Since 2011, we have completed the restoration of 1,754 monuments of Moscow architecture. But restoration is an eternal process. We have finished work on some monuments, it is time to put others in order. The restoration boom in Moscow continues. This year, work is underway at 526 facilities,” wrote the Mayor of Moscow.
The large-scale restoration of the Central Pavilion is nearing completion. The restorers have returned the historical appearance to the facades of the building, now they are restoring the interiors of the pavilion. It is planned to open an exposition of the Tretyakov Gallery here.
Restoration work continues in Pavilion No. 31 “Geology”. In 2017, the façades were updated here, then the interiors were started: the late partitions and mezzanines in the exhibition halls were dismantled, the stucco decoration of the ceilings was restored, and the parquet and chandeliers were recreated. During the restoration of the columns, specialists uncovered paintings with scenes on the theme of geology.
“After the restoration work is completed, the pavilion will house the exposition “The Phenomenon of Life: From Virus to Man”, prepared by the State Biological Museum named after K.A. Timiryazev,” said the Moscow Mayor.
According to him, pavilion No. 30 “Microbiological Industry” at the time of the beginning of the restoration was in disrepair. First of all, the foundation was strengthened in the building, the wooden structures of the wall were made prosthetics, the engineering systems were replaced, and then restoration work began.
The decor of the interior, which has been preserved, was cleared of later layers. A floral ornament was revealed on the plafonds of two halls. The condition of the original author’s paint layer allowed us to preserve it with tinted losses. The lost details of the decoration of the ceilings were recreated according to the surviving samples, archival and natural studies. The wooden frieze under the ceiling of the entrance hall was lost back in the 1960s. Restorers restored it from archival photographs.
Already this year, the Biotech Museum, a center for modern biotechnologies, will be opened in the renovated pavilion.
“Pavilion No. 15 “Radioelectronics and Communications” was erected in the early 1950s for the exposition of the regions of the Volga region. The main themes in its design were the heroism of the Battle of Stalingrad and the revival of agriculture. Now the building has completed work on strengthening the foundations, clearing the facades from numerous layers of paint and recreating two pylons in front of the main entrance. The stained-glass windows of the main facade have been put in order. The bas-reliefs and high reliefs were recreated from archival photographs and graphic materials,” Sergei Sobyanin said.
In the process of clearing the plafonds from numerous layers of paint, the restorers managed to reveal the painting. Now work is underway to recreate the sculptures of a sailor and a soldier, who will return to their places on the corner abutments of the main facade.
After a comprehensive restoration, a museum of the Russian Olympic Committee will open in pavilion No. 15.
Pavilion No. 5 “Physics” was originally dedicated to the Latvian SSR and decorated in the national style. Over time, ornaments and geometric patterns with traditional Latvian motifs were hidden under layers of paint and cladding. Based on the surviving fragments of paintings and archival photos, the restorers recreated the appearance of the introductory and central halls.
Specialists also restored the front oak doors, inlaid with large polished amber and decorated with carved Latvian ornaments. Now specialists are recreating chandeliers in exhibition halls and stained-glass windows of window openings.
The renovated pavilion is planned to house a museum of the Moscow municipal economy complex.
“Another large restoration site in Moscow has recently been Balchug Island. Last year, work was completed here at HPP-2. This year, the Variety Theater, which is part of the famous House on the Embankment, built 90 years ago, will reopen its doors. Specialists restore the facades and interiors of the building. Gypsum stucco decoration and hardwood parquet will be restored,” the Moscow Mayor wrote.
The picturesque panel over the stage of the theater was restored by young masters. Their project last year was recognized as one of the best in the city competition in the field of preservation and promotion of cultural heritage.
House of Apricots
The corner building in Art Nouveau style with gracefully curved stucco details in the form of vases for sweets is well known to lovers of Moscow chocolate. Here is the confectionery factory named after Babaev, before the revolution – the Partnership of A.I. Apricot sons.
In 2019, emergency work began in the two-story mansion, restoration of the roof and facades. The historical appearance of the building was recreated, one of the most amazing decorative elements was restored – a stained-glass ceiling with a diameter of more than three meters. Now the restoration of wooden window fillings with stained-glass windows and other interior details is ongoing.
House on Zemlyanoy Val
Residential building at the address: Zemlyanoy Val street, house 56, building 3 – an architectural monument of the 19th century. Restoration work at this facility was launched in 2020. It took a lot of time to restore the partially lost stucco decoration of the facades. Based on archival materials, two sculptures, an interstorey cornice and an acroterium, were recreated.
Work continues on the interiors. The specialists managed to uncover and restore the mosaic floor in the hall on the first floor.
After restoration, the mansion will be converted into a hotel.
“Once it was the family nest of the Samarin nobles. After the revolution, a children’s tuberculosis colony was placed there, and later a children’s sanatorium. Since 2016, the owner of the estate has been the Podari Zhizn Charitable Foundation for Helping Children with Oncohematological Diseases. By order of the Foundation, in 2019, the revival of the monument of wooden architecture, which was in a deplorable state, began. Much has already been done. The restoration of the eastern and western wings, the pantry, the service building and the kitchen has been completed,” Sergei Sobyanin said.
In the main house of the estate, the foundations were strengthened, the wooden frame was sorted out, the roof was renewed, windows and doors were installed. This year it is planned to recreate a number of elements – from the lost original portico with six columns and wooden balusters on the northern facade to the lion sculptures on the porch of the western risalit. The restorers will also restore the interiors and the original layout of the first and second floors. The manor park will be restored to its historical layout, comfortable paths will be laid, benches and lanterns will be installed, trees and shrubs will be planted.
In the Donskoy Monastery, it is planned to complete the restoration of the Great Cathedral and five towers. The walls have already been cleared in the cathedral, the missing elements of the brickwork have been repaired and restored, the white stone has been restored, and the metal elements have been cleared.
Similar work was carried out on the facades of the towers. In their interiors, brick floors are laid, and architectural elements on the upper tiers are cleared, mended and restored. The specialists will also carry out the restoration of six tomb stone slabs with reliefs built into the walls of the cathedral.
2024 marks the 300th anniversary of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS). By the anniversary, it is planned to put in order the Neskuchnoye estate, the front part of which – the Alexandrinsky Palace with side buildings – is occupied by the Russian Academy of Sciences.
This year, the restoration of the main entrance gate with the sculptural groups “Seasons” on Leninsky Prospekt will take place.
“A beautiful and well-groomed city that preserves and enhances its architectural heritage. This is how our Moscow was and will remain,” concluded the Mayor of Moscow.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.