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February 5, 2022, 11:01 am


white-backed woodpecker

Here you can meet yellow, gray-haired, white-backed, as well as large and small motley woodpeckers.

Specialists Mospriroda noticed on the territory of the natural complex in Novo-Peredelkino five species of woodpeckers, including those listed in the Red Book. Birds were observed in the area of ​​the Aleshinka River, which is a tributary of the Setun. Here you can meet yellow, gray-haired, white-backed, as well as large and small motley woodpeckers.

“River beavers live in the natural complex No. 178 on Alyoshinka. By blocking the river with their dam, the rodents did a good service to the woodpeckers. Since the river spilled over its entire floodplain, the roots of the nearest trees were under water, which led to their drying up. This attracted such a large number of different species of woodpeckers, ”said Nikolay Kudryavtsev, an ornithologist of the Mospriroda.

Zhelna, or black woodpecker

This bird is easy to identify by its large size, dark plumage and red cap. The species is listed in the Red Book of Moscow under the second category of rarity. On the territory of the capital, black woodpeckers stably nest in the Izmailovsky forest park in the vicinity of the Serebryanka River.

white-backed woodpecker

Outwardly, this species is similar to its relatives – large motley woodpeckers. However, the white-backed woodpecker is distinguished by color. The lower part of the back is white or striped, the undertail is pink, and there are dark streaks on the sides. The male can be identified by the red cap, the female by the black one.

In the Red Book of Moscow, this species is assigned the fifth category of rarity. This means that the number of individuals and their distribution on the territory of the capital have increased to a level that is safe for the existence of the species.

The white-backed woodpecker starts nesting earlier than other relatives. Every year at the beginning of April he builds a new hollow.

grey-haired woodpecker

This is a relatively small and very rare bird with a memorable color (a mixture of gray and olive shades). On the head of males, you can notice a small red speck.

The gray-haired woodpecker seen in the city is a very rare species. It is listed in the Red Book of Moscow and the Moscow Region, as well as in the Red Books of many regions of Russia. In the capital, he was assigned the first category of rarity. This species is endangered, its population within the city has decreased to a critically low level.

Birds are kept alone in winter, wandering in sparse forests or on their edges.

Great spotted woodpecker

This is the most typical representative of the avifauna of the forests of central Russia. You can meet him in all natural areas of Moscow. Being the size of a large thrush, the bird has a colorful plumage that serves as camouflage for it.

Birds of this species prefer a solitary lifestyle. They nest in the hollows of softwood trees. The great spotted woodpecker is considered a monogamous bird – some pairs winter together, others reunite in the spring.

Lesser spotted woodpecker

This bird is included in the appendix to the Red Book. The species needs constant monitoring and supervision of specialists in the city. In size, the small woodpecker is slightly larger than the house sparrow, it does not have red or pink feathers under the tail.

Orderlies of the forest

The diet of woodpeckers mainly includes ants and xylophagous insects that feed on wood. For example, aphids, bark beetles, barbels, gold beetles and many others. Birds eat pests, which is why they are often called the orderlies of the forest. Moreover, some of these insects do not have other enemies among birds, except for woodpeckers.

Interestingly, the woodpecker’s tongue does not grow from the mouth, but from the right nostril and reaches 20 centimeters. In one second, a bird can inflict up to 20 blows on a tree, and up to 12 thousand per day. At the same time, the woodpecker’s head does not hurt. To soften the blows allows the area of ​​u200bu200bbone spongy tissue near the base of the beak.

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EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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