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February 6, 2022, 09:03

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House 7/9 on Krasnoselskaya street. Author unknown. 1952 Main Archive of Moscow

During folk festivals, Peter I rode in these places on a boat along the Red Pond, and later the Abrikosovs built a production facility here.

Krasnoselskaya and Krasnoprudnaya streets, as well as Komsomolskaya square (formerly Kalanchevskaya) once looked completely different. It’s hard to believe, but there used to be a pond, a village and a highway here. Documents keep the history of the place Main Archive.

Where Krasnoprudnaya Street lay today, the Stromynsky Trakt, one of the oldest overland routes from Moscow to Nizhny Novgorod, passed in the 15th century. The road went near the Red Pond. Emperor Peter I loved to ride on its waters on a boat during festivities. The name of the reservoir formed the basis of the toponym. On one of the banks of the pond stood the village of Krasnoe, known since 1462. Malaya, Upper and Lower Krasnoselsky streets are named in his honor.

The reservoir occupied an area almost equal to Red Square. It was covered up gradually – from 1901 to 1910. The area between the modern Yaroslavsky railway station, Verkhnyaya Krasnoselskaya street and the Bolshoi Krasnoprudny dead end began to be used for warehouses, and then production began to open here.

One of the first who started the construction of the enterprise were manufacturers Apricot. They bought four hectares of land on Malaya Krasnoselskaya Street and in 1879 laid the foundations of a caramel and confectionery factory, which opened six years later.

The production of sweets at the Abrikosovs is a hereditary occupation. The dynasty began with Stepan Nikolaev, a serf who redeemed himself and his entire family in 1804. The founder of the family earned money by making sweets, among which were jam, marmalade and apricot marshmallow, which, according to one version, gave him a famous surname. An enterprising peasant became a merchant of the Semenovskaya Sloboda in order to trade legally, and his son Ivan opened a whole manufactory. The grandson of Stepan Nikolaev became a merchant of the first guild, had the title of hereditary honorary citizen of Moscow and the rank of real state councilor. It was he who transferred the family production from Sverchkov Lane to the area of ​​the Red Pond. In 1899, his company earned the title of “Supplier of the Court of His Imperial Majesty”.

In the 1890s-1900s, the factory produced sweets, marshmallows, biscuits, caramel and chocolate, and almost two thousand people worked in the production. The masters were provided with a hostel, and there were also two canteens for employees. Almost all sweets at the factory were made by hand. The Abrikosovs’ products were sold in their own stores on Kuznetsky Most, Tverskaya Street and in the Lubyano-Ilyinsky shopping arcade.

In 1905, not far from the production – at the intersection of Upper Krasnoselskaya and Proyeznaya streets – the Abrikosovs built a two-story residential mansion in the Art Nouveau style. All door and window openings, chimneys and the gable of the roof were decorated with a rounded floral pattern. You can look at this house even today – it is located at the address: Malaya Krasnoselskaya street, house 7, building 31.

After the October Revolution, the owners of the factory, along with raw materials and cash, were forced to go abroad. The business stopped for a few years.

The factory was revived in 1922 and received the name of the Bolshevik Pyotr Babaev. In the 1940s, yeast, food concentrates and defense products were produced here. The caramel shop was restored only in 1944.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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