MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
In 2021, the implementation of the federal target program “Research and development in priority areas of development of the scientific and technological complex of Russia for 2014–2021” was completed. Further, this work will be continued within the framework of the new state program for the scientific and technological development of Russia, developed on behalf of President Vladimir Putin, as well as within the framework of comprehensive scientific and technical programs included in the Strategy for the scientific and technological development of the country. This was announced by Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Chernyshenko.
“Over the period of the program, about 135 billion rubles were allocated for the development of the scientific and technological complex of Russia, of which more than 84 billion went to research and development. It was primarily aimed at modernizing the instrumental base and ensuring cooperation between science and business. State support was received by 50 centers for the collective use of scientific equipment and 25 unique scientific installations. The research covered a variety of areas, from agriculture to artificial intelligence, and their results have already been used by organizations in the real sector of the economy. In the future, we will continue this work within the framework of the new state program for scientific and technological development, which consolidates federal budget expenditures from 34 sectoral state programs. We have identified 11 priorities in it that meet the Science and Technology Development Strategy and the interests of national security: fundamental research and scientific leadership, personnel and human capital, new technologies, energy, medicine, security, the Arctic, Antarctic and a number of others,” said Dmitry Chernyshenko .
He stressed that over 50 thousand scientists were involved in the implementation of the program “Research and development in priority areas of development of the scientific and technological complex of Russia for 2014-2021”. They obtained results on more than 2.2 thousand scientific and technical projects.
“In science, not only fundamental knowledge is important, but also applied developments that contribute to the technological modernization of the Russian economy and make people’s lives more comfortable. Such studies are of interest to business, they enter the market and are introduced into production. Research carried out by program participants with the support of the Russian Ministry of Education and Science attracted the attention of more than a thousand companies – industrial partners. The total amount of funds raised from the real sector of the economy exceeded 60 billion rubles. As a result, more than 330 completed research projects have become a source of income. The total volume of commercialization of products and technologies for 2017-2020 amounted to almost 32 billion rubles,” said Minister of Science and Higher Education Valery Falkov.
During the period of the program implementation, the number of scientific articles indexed in the Scopus and Web of Science Core Collection databases and scientific journals has also increased. The increase in the number of publications amounted to more than 11 thousand units. Increased by 4.3 thousand and the number of applications for patents.
Among the significant scientific and technical results, we can single out the creation of the Pioneer-M research vessel. This is a unique ship with unmanned navigation technology. Working aboard the Pioneer-M, students and graduate students will be able to gain knowledge about changes in the ecosystem of the coastal territories of Crimea, study the impact of climate, the biodiversity of soils and landscapes, and the hydrology of the Black and Azov Seas.
As part of the program, industrial strains of microorganisms were created – superproducers of essential amino acids and enzyme preparations for use in the production of feed additives for agriculture, including the amino acid lysine, which were obtained by the National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute” – GosNIIgenetika. Digital intelligent technologies have been developed for speech, image recognition and processing of speech messages, which are used by specialists of the Speech Technology Center group of companies in banking biometric systems and electronic media.
Nizhny Novgorod State Technical University named after R.E. Alekseeva, within the framework of the program, developed technologies for creating a new generation of amphibious vehicles for the Arctic and Antarctica, including the Rusak-3994 hybrid all-terrain vehicle.
“All-terrain vehicles of the Rusak family, unlike their counterparts, are the only vehicles of this class in the world with a hybrid power plant. They are created on the basis of their own components and assemblies – transmission, suspension, steering, brake control, body and boat frame. All-terrain vehicles “Rusak” are characterized by increased reliability, high amphibiousness – speed on water 6 km / h (instead of 2-3 km / h for analogues), snow flotation 1 m (instead of 0.8 m) and cargo transportation efficiency – it is two times higher compared to the closest analogues,” said the project manager, Ph.D. R.E. Alekseeva Alexander Blokhin.
The machines have successfully passed all-weather tests in Chukotka, the Arkhangelsk region and Yakutia. At the end of 2020, the industrial partner of NSTU named after R.E. Alekseeva – ZMT LLC prepared the production of machines and launched sales. In 2021, eight all-terrain vehicles were sold, which are operated in the Tyumen region, the YaNAO and the Krasnoyarsk Territory.
The Tomsk Research Reactor on the basis of the Tomsk Polytechnic University also received state support. Today it is the only operating university nuclear reactor in Russia. It conducts advanced research in the field of nuclear technology and nuclear medicine, including advanced research in the field of environmental management and materials science. For example, silicon ingots are alloyed onto the reactor, which is then used to create high-performance electronic devices. Now TPU alloys silicon for all Russian manufacturers of semiconductor products, as well as for a number of foreign customers.
“In recent years, within the framework of the federal target program, the reactor of the Tomsk Polytechnic University has been modernized twice. Based on the results of work in 2014-2015, it was transformed into a powerful tool for conducting fundamental and applied scientific research in the field of nuclear physics, elementary particles, radiation technologies in materials science and medicine. The specific time of work in the interests of external customers has been increased to 75%, more than 40 organizations have been involved in joint work and research. Modernization of the installation itself and scientific equipment made it possible to expand domestic and international cooperation through the implementation of joint projects with leading research centers,” said Artyom Naimushin, head of the Research Nuclear Reactor Educational and Scientific Center of Tomsk Polytechnic University.
According to the scientist, the second modernization in 2019-2020 turned the TPU reactor into an international-level facility with an unparalleled set of research capabilities to obtain unique scientific results in geology, medicine, materials science, isotope design, cosmology and spectroscopy.
The federal target program “Research and development in priority areas of development of the scientific and technological complex of Russia for 2014-2021” was approved Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation dated May 21, 2013 No. 426.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.