MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
Over the past two years, the number of metropolitan organizations involved in research and development has increased by 17 percent and in 2020 amounted to 834 organizations (20 percent of their total number in Russia).
February 8, the Day of Russian Science, Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Marat Khusnullin and the Mayor of Moscow Sergei Sobyaninvisited the Moscow State Technical University (MSTU) named after N.E. Bauman and got acquainted with the work on the development of its territory.
“Today is Science Day in Russia. For Moscow, this is a significant holiday, because Moscow is one of the centers of world science and education. I congratulate all Moscow scientists, inventors, innovators on this wonderful holiday. You are creating the present and future of our city and our country,” Sergei Sobyanin noted.
In Moscow, on behalf of the President of Russia, they continue to develop the campuses of leading universities. “One of these projects is the Bauman Moscow State Technical University. Together with the Government of the Russian Federation, the largest university campus development project in recent years is being implemented here. About 170 thousand square meters of new space, as well as the restoration of ancient buildings, cultural monuments, which will also be involved in circulation and adapted to work with science, education, students, graduate students, future scientists. In fact, Baumanka is experiencing a rebirth,” added the Mayor of Moscow.
The campus will become an open public space accessible to pedestrians and important to the city.
“It is significant that on Science Day we are at such a landmark facility. Baumanka is generally the alma mater of many outstanding inventors and scientists. And the fact that such active construction has begun on the instructions of the President of our country is great. We see how, in the shortest possible time, Moscow, in the most difficult conditions of the pandemic, in the most difficult urban planning restrictions, launched construction at all facilities,” said Deputy Prime Minister of Russia Marat Khusnullin.
Co-working spaces, multimedia spaces and dorm complex
Moscow State Technical University named after N.E. Bauman is one of the oldest and largest technical universities in Russia. The educational and administrative buildings of the university are located in the center of Moscow on the Yauza embankment. Basically, the complex of university buildings was formed several decades ago and today it no longer meets the needs of an actively developing university.
In this regard, the Government of Russia, together with the Government of Moscow, made a decision on the comprehensive development of the university territory.
The new campus will be located in close proximity to the existing buildings of the university, which will ensure the effect of synergy between existing and new departments of the Moscow State Technical University named after N.E. Bauman.
According to the acting rector of the university Mikhail Gordin, the area for education and research will increase by one and a half times. “This is a serious breakthrough, a breakthrough for engineering education in general in Russia. We can promise that we will not let us down, and we will honestly and competently operate and train personnel for the Russian economy, for the city of Moscow in a quality manner and on time, the areas that Moscow will build for us,” he said.
President of Moscow State Technical University named after N.E. Bauman Anatoly Aleksandrov added that the most modern laboratories will be created at the university, which determine the peak of scientific and technological progress. “The university will be open to the residents of Moscow, and we are standing on this today. There will be many sites here where young people will find points of application of forces, and we will be the center of attraction for all the scientific and technical peak that is in Moscow, ”he said.
At site No. 1.1 (2nd Baumanskaya Street, property 7, building 1a), it is planned to build a multifunctional scientific and educational building with an area of 20.1 thousand square meters to accommodate research laboratories, scientific and administrative, educational and multimedia spaces.
Currently, work is underway to remove water supply networks, as well as reinforcing and concreting vertical structures of the second and third floors, floors above the first and second floors. The commissioning date for the facility is scheduled for 2023.
Plot No. 1.2 (Brigadirsky lane, property 12) is intended to accommodate research clusters. The building with an area of 5.3 thousand square meters will house an engineering center for ground transport and technological systems and a center for biomedical systems and technologies of the Faculty of Biomedical Engineering.
Work is already underway on the installation of facades and engineering systems, the erection and plastering of brick partitions. Commissioning of the facility is scheduled for next year.
Plot No. 1.3 (Brigadirsky lane, property 13) was allocated for the construction of a central cluster with an area of 64.8 thousand square meters to accommodate a congress center, co-working, leisure, exhibition and transformable spaces for the presentation of scientific developments. It is also planned to place the Quantum-Park technopark. Preparatory work is going on here today. Commissioning of the facility is scheduled for 2024.
Plot No. 1.4 (Brigadirsky Lane, property 13) has two cultural heritage sites — the Fanagoria barracks and the practically lost building of the chemical laboratory, designed by architect L.N. Kekushev.
Historic buildings will be restored and adapted for modern use. They will house the Palace of Technology and a multifunctional library building with rooms for demonstrating modern developments and holding scientific and educational forums and other thematic events.
Today, in the Phanagoria barracks, work is underway to strengthen the foundations, install a reinforced concrete cage along the perimeter of the load-bearing walls, repair and inject the brickwork of the walls and vaults. The installation of scaffolding on the facades, the installation of the floors of the first and second floors is also being carried out.
In the building of the chemical laboratory, work continues on strengthening the foundations, dismantling floors and finishes, installing a monolithic reinforced concrete floor slab in the basement and foundation clips, and repairing the brickwork of the walls. The restoration is expected to be completed next year.
Plot No. 1.5 (53 Baumanskaya Street, Buildings 3 and 6) is set aside for the creation of a research center at the Moscow State Technical University named after N.E. Bauman with an area of 5.1 thousand square meters.
Work is already underway on the reconstruction of the building, strengthening the soil of the base of the foundation slab. Commissioning of the facility is scheduled for 2023.
On the other side of the Yauza, at the address: Hospital Embankment, property 4/2, building 1 (plot No. 2), it is planned to build a complex of dormitories of the Moscow State Technical University named after N.E. Bauman, designed to accommodate more than 2.3 thousand students.
In addition to living rooms, two buildings of dormitories with an area of 60.1 thousand square meters will house a multifunctional educational and leisure center, multimedia spaces and the necessary sports and social infrastructure.
Today, in building 1, work is underway to waterproof the vertical structures of the underground part, floor slabs, walls and columns minus the first floor. In building 2, the waterproofing of the underground part and the protective screed, as well as the foundation slab, walls and columns minus the first floor, is being carried out. The term for commissioning the facility is 2023.
Cooperation between the city and MSTU named after N.E. Bauman
The leading technical university takes an active part in educational, scientific and other city projects.
On the basis of the university, with the support of the Government of Moscow, two children’s technoparks have been created, operating under the brand “Engineering MSTU named after N.E. Bauman”. Children from five to 17 years old study in the laboratories of nanotechnology and composite materials, robotics, 3D technologies and spacecraft. Since 2017, more than 25,000 people have become students of technoparks. Over one and a half thousand children and adolescents have been trained under long-term programs.
Every year, students show high results at scientific and practical conferences (“Science for Life”, “Engineers of the Future”), all-Russian and international competitions for young professionals. Successful graduates have benefits (additional points) for admission to Moscow State Technical University named after N.E. Bauman.
In 2021, on the basis of the Engineering Institute of the Moscow State Technical University named after N.E. Bauman held 180 family workshops in such areas as biotechnology, rocket modeling, Scratch programming, mechanical engineering and circuitry. The total number of visitors to family master classes reached more than two thousand people.
Bauman University actively participates in the Voluntary Qualifying Exam project. Since 2017, 854 students have successfully passed the exam.
In 2020, at the site of the Moscow Innovation Cluster, the intersectoral engineering center of the Russian Composites University created an intersectoral composite cluster. Its activities are aimed at supporting cooperation projects in the field of polymer composite materials implemented by Moscow companies. The activity of the cluster will improve the infrastructure for research and development, scale up their implementation in production and commercialize the results of intellectual activity.
41 companies have joined the cluster, and two cooperative projects are being jointly implemented – the development and production of sports sleds made of composite materials for child athletes and the development of a bicycle using composite materials.
The University is an important partner of the Moscow Government in the implementation of pre-professional education projects in Moscow schools.
Bauman students help implement projects such as Engineering Class (77 schools), Academic Class (nine schools), IT Class (37 schools), Cadet Class (two schools).
In 2021, the university developed a collection of practical and laboratory work on the special course “Modeling and Prototyping” for grades 10-11. Conducted training for 200 schoolchildren in three additional general developmental programs lasting at least 18 hours each. Organized project activities for 71 students, including five introductory classes in the laboratories of the university, training in two programs of project and research activities lasting at least 20 hours.
Over the past two academic years, the university has held a total of more than 150 events for schoolchildren and teachers. Among them are engineering vacations, excursions to the sites of high-tech enterprises, an innovative lecture hall “Engineering sciences in the technosphere of the present and future”, the All-Russian scientific and methodological distance seminar “Training a student-researcher in modern fields of knowledge.” More than 3.7 thousand students and over 260 teachers took part in these events.
In the 2021/2022 academic year, 131 students of Baumanka receive nominal scholarships from the Moscow Government.
University staff regularly take part in the city competition “Prize for Young Scientists”, which is awarded annually for outstanding scientific achievements. Since the competition was founded in 2013, 30 young Bauman scientists have become laureates of the award, including four people last year.
The team of MSTU named after N.E. Bauman is a regular participant in the Mosprom Spartakiad among employees of industrial enterprises and students of technical universities in the capital. Last year, the Baumans took first place in the team standings.
University students participate in the Open#Mosprom project, having visited such industrial enterprises as the Research and Production Center named after M.V. Khrunichev, the Mikron company, the Nauka enterprise and the Salyut production complex.
Moscow is the center of Russian science
Today, more than a third of the resources of Russian science are concentrated in the capital. This is 33 percent of the total number of researchers in the country (116.6 thousand people), 36 percent of domestic spending on research and development (427.3 billion rubles), 34 percent of the total value of fixed assets of scientific organizations (742.3 billion rubles).
Over the past two years, the number of R&D organizations in Moscow has increased by 17 percent to 834 in 2020 (20 percent of the total in Russia). The number of R&D personnel also increased (by four percent).
The capital is characterized by high productivity of scientific activity. Moscow occupies a leading position among the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in terms of the level of practical research results. In 2020, applicants from the capital accounted for more than 20 percent of domestic patent applications for inventions filed in Russia, 24 percent for utility models and 30 percent for industrial designs.
About 40 percent of Russian publications in leading international publications were prepared with the participation of Moscow scientists (according to the Web of Science database – 43.1 percent, Scopus – 39.8 percent). In terms of publishing activity, Moscow is ahead of such world centers as Paris, Tokyo, Singapore, Berlin, Tel Aviv, Barcelona (sixth place in the world according to the Web of Science database and third place according to the Scopus database).
The structure of publications in scientific journals indexed in Web of Science and Scopus is dominated by articles in physics and astronomy (24 percent of the total) and technical sciences (20 percent). An important place in the structure of publications of authors from Moscow indexed in Scopus is occupied by such fields of science as computer science and medicine and health care.
International transfer of technologies and services of a technological nature is growing in Moscow, which reflects the level of competitiveness and demand for the results of intellectual activity in foreign technology markets, the scale and degree of participation in global value chains. In 2020, the volume of foreign trade turnover amounted to $4.3 billion, exceeding the same indicator of the previous year by 5.9 times. The most noticeable increase in activity in the export of technology: the number of agreements increased almost three times, the volume of the net value of the objects of agreements – 8.5 times, and revenues – 15 times. More moderate growth was observed in technology imports – by 2.6 and three times, respectively.
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In the export of technology over the past 10 years, a significant part is accounted for by agreements on engineering services and research and development – a total of 48.5 percent of the total number of agreements on technology export. At the same time, the volume of proceeds from the export of patent licenses increased 12 times – from $0.1 million in 2019 to $1.1 billion in 2020. A noticeable increase in the absolute indicators of exports led to a qualitative improvement in the foreign trade balance of payments for technologies: the balance of payments increased from minus 390.7 million to plus 802.8 million US dollars, that is, exports began to exceed imports of technologies.
Technology transfer in Moscow is mainly oriented to the markets of the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (the Netherlands, the USA, Germany, Japan), which are the largest importers and exporters of technologies: these countries account for 80.1 percent of the revenues and 81.6 percent of the payments of capital companies and organizations.
An innovation ecosystem has been created in Moscow for inventors and technology companies at various stages of development. Today it is represented by more than 1300 different objects. Among the main objects:
— 46 technoparks (including six investment priority projects), which employ 2,090 resident companies. Since 2016, the number of technology parks has grown 1.7 times, and the number of resident companies has doubled. Technoparks are focused primarily on supporting small and medium-sized technology companies. Residents have the opportunity to rent premises on favorable terms, receive tax, subsidiary and grant support measures, get access to specialized equipment, services and consulting assistance;
— 178 co-working spaces with a total area of more than 200 thousand square meters, anyone can rent a workplace in them, it is convenient to communicate, share knowledge, gain experience, form and develop effective teams of like-minded people there. The average annual growth rate of the number of coworking spaces in 2016-2021 is over 20 percent;
— 12 business incubators and 72 acceleration programs. Over the past six years, the number of acceleration programs has increased sevenfold. Accelerators are aimed at developing the knowledge and competencies of innovative companies (startups) and scaling up existing businesses in a short time. Business incubators are mainly located at universities and are focused on developing entrepreneurial skills and developing product ideas for novice startups, while residence in the incubator is from one year;
— 153 sites for pilot testing. Pilot testing allows you to confirm the effectiveness and competitiveness of an innovative solution and helps bring the product to market. Both public and private organizations from various industries act as platforms: medicine, culture, retail, education, finance and business. In total, since the start of the program in 2019, 134 pilot tests have been successfully conducted, and 34 more are in the process of being implemented.
As part of the development of the innovation ecosystem, an innovative scientific and technological center of the Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov “Sparrow Hills”. In total, it is planned to build nine clusters with a total area of 455,000 square meters.
Today, the construction of the Lomonosov clusters, educational and interdisciplinary, is underway. In addition, on January 25 this year, the construction of two more clusters was launched: Nanotech and Engineering.
Work is underway to select applications. Innovative companies that have received the status of a participant in the Innovative Science and Technology Center (ISTC) project will be provided with significant tax benefits, including exemption from VAT, income tax and property tax, reduced rates of insurance premiums and other preferences.
A significant part of the existing infrastructure for the development of technologies in the city is assembled on the digital platform of the Moscow Innovation Cluster i.moscow.
The cluster includes large corporations, small and medium-sized businesses, educational and scientific organizations, and development institutions. In total, more than 30 thousand companies from 80 regions of the country.
On the cluster platform, you can get various support measures, in particular:
– small businesses can learn about support measures, rent an office and a laboratory for product testing, choose a contractor to create prototypes or release goods into production;
– startups – find partners and investors to implement their projects, take part in one of the development programs to scale their product;
– corporations – to select a promising development for implementation in production or digitalization of a business process;
— investors can find promising and ready to attract investment projects, educational programs for novice investors.
The i.moscow platform contains convenient services for those who create innovations themselves and look for new ideas. At the moment there are 26 such services: 11 for organizations and enterprises and 15 development programs for startups. 12 out of 26 services are available for individuals.
The Moscow government and city organizations are significant consumers of innovations, constantly introducing new technological solutions in various areas of life.
The annual volume of purchases of innovative purchases of goods, works and services in Moscow is more than 100 billion rubles (over 10 percent of the city’s total purchases), which is approximately the average level in European countries. In 2020, the volume of innovative procurement amounted to 165 billion rubles (14.8 percent).
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.