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February 14, 2022, 07:06


Design decision

For restoration work, they plan to use photographs and military topographic surveys of the 1830s.

This year, rehabilitation work is planned on the territory of the Pokrovskoye-Streshnevo Natural and Historical Park. Specialists will restore the regular garden and historic alleys. This was stated by the deputy head Department of Capital Repairs Sergei Melnikov.

“Currently, historical paths and paths have been partially preserved on the estate, but the manor park is badly neglected, many trees have been lost, and the layout of the regular part is difficult to read and needs to be restored. The parterre and regular paths are planned to be restored from photographs of the 1930s and the military topographic survey of the Moscow province and the environs of the city of Moscow in 1838, ”he explained.

The architectural and park ensemble of the Pokrovskoye-Streshnevo estate appeared under Elizaveta Glebova-Streshneva. The territory was divided into a regular garden and a landscape park. The French park was a parterre with straight and symmetrical alleys with numerous sculptures and busts. Alleys were also laid to greenhouses and ponds. One of the main roads belonging to the ensemble led from Pokrovsky to the neighboring Elizavetino estate. Larch alleys were planted on both sides and areas for benches for rest were equipped. In the English park, the paths led to a cliff above the Khimka River.

Over the years of its existence, the park has changed a lot. In 1864, when the estate passed to Princess Evgenia Shakhovskaya-Glebova-Streshneva, coniferous plants began to be planted en masse among hardwoods. In the Soviet years, sports grounds, walking paths, new trees and shrubs appeared here. As a result, the open fields disappeared. In 1982, a project was developed to restore the park area of ​​the estate, but work has not yet begun. The new project provides for the reconstruction of the historical planning structure.

“In the parterre of the French park, the main alley with a circle in the middle will be restored, straight secondary alleys will be laid parallel and perpendicular to it. It is proposed to restore linden plantations along them, which will dilute the few surviving lindens of the late 19th century and European larches, and in the shade of trees apical pachysandra and creeping tenacious will be planted, ”said Sergey Melnikov.

According to him, straight and strict lines will be highlighted with bosquets, and a cotoneaster hedge will be planted along the perimeter. Lilac, wrinkled rose, tree and paniculate hydrangea will be placed in the center. The two closing bosquets will have a star-shaped layout – radiant paths will diverge from the center. Mixborders consisting of a variety of plants will be planted at the intersection of the main paths in a stepped order. “In their design, it is proposed to use perennials: oak sage, prominent stonecrop, purple echinacea, herbaceous peony, hybrid geyhera, and so on. Mixborders are also a hallmark of the manor style,” Sergey Melnikov added.

In addition, specialists will recreate the central axis in the direction from the main house towards the 7th Ivankovsky pond. A linden alley will reappear along it. Alleys to the greenhouse building, the road to Elizavetino and paths in the landscape part of the park will also be equipped.

Additional walking routes will be created on the territory of the estate – they will be included in the historical ones. On the main paths and the central alley, as well as near the estate and the temple, pavement will be made of paving stones in the historical style, on secondary ones – from gravel screenings and tiles.

Previously for activities to preserve and restore the territory of the Pokrovskoye-Streshnevo park voted participants of the Active Citizen project.

The Pokrovskoye-Streshnevo Natural and Historical Park is located between the southern shore of the Khimki Reservoir and Volokolamskoye Highway. Its area is over 200 hectares.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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