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Decree of February 8, 2022 No. 133


Decree of February 8, 2022 No. 133

Russia will develop a system for monitoring greenhouse gas flows and the carbon cycle. This is one of the main tasks of the Federal Scientific and Technical Program in the field of the country’s environmental development until 2030. It was approved by Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin.

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From Mikhail Mishustin’s opening remarks at an operational meeting with Deputy Prime Ministers on February 14, 2022

The program involves the creation and application of low-carbon technologies in various sectors of the economy, as well as the development of new environmental and climate monitoring systems. So, for example, in Russia there will be a system for assessing the content of so-called black carbon in the atmospheric air. It is formed during incomplete combustion of fuel and is hazardous to human health. In addition, the task is to create climate monitoring of land surface waters, glaciers, permafrost and soils.

Other important goals of the program are mitigation of the anthropogenic impact on the environment, as well as the search for optimal options for adapting ecological systems and economic sectors to climate change.

“In general, the implementation of the program will make it possible to obtain scientific results and develop breakthrough technologies that will help manage climate risks, as well as minimize them,” Mikhail Mishustin emphasized at a meeting with Deputy Prime Ministers on February 14.

The development of our own methodological and scientific base and practical measures on this basis will allow minimizing environmental and climate risks, as well as effectively defending national economic interests at the international level.

In total, 17.3 billion rubles will be allocated from the federal budget for the activities of the program.

The Ministry of Natural Resources and Ecology has been appointed as the coordinator of program activities.

The document was prepared as part of the implementation of the Decree of the President of Russia “On measures to implement the state scientific and technical policy in the field of environmental development of the Russian Federation and climate change.”

Earlier, the Government approved the Strategy for Social and Economic Development of Russia with Low Greenhouse Gas Emissions until 2050. The target scenario described in the strategy assumes economic growth while reducing greenhouse gas emissions. It is planned that by 2050 their net emission will decrease by 60% from the level of 2019 and by 80% from the level of 1990. Further implementation of this scenario will allow Russia to achieve carbon neutrality by 2060.

As early as 2023, Russia plans to launch a system of mandatory carbon reporting for enterprises.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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