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Space data will be used to curb illegal deforestation. A pilot control project will be launched in two regions in 2022.

Working trip of Victoria Abramchenko and Yuri Borisov to TerraTech JSC

Deputy Prime Ministers Viktoria Abramchenko and Yuri Borisov held a field meeting on the use of remote sensing of the Earth during a working trip to TerraTech JSC (a company of the Russian Space Systems holding of the state corporation Roscosmos).

Victoria Abramchenko, Yuri Borisov and Dmitry Rogozin, General Director of Roskosmos, were shown software and hardware systems for receiving information from Earth remote sensing satellites, the TerraTech artificial intelligence laboratory, where thematic processing and analysis of data from satellite images with parallel training of neural networks for processing this data as part of the Digital Earth project.

The participants of the working meeting discussed the current state and prospects for the development of the Russian orbital constellation for remote sensing of the Earth, as well as the market for satellite data and services.

As Victoria Abramchenko said, many technological solutions are needed to improve the efficiency of work in the forest complex.

Victoria Abramchenko and Yuri Borisov held a meeting on the use of Earth remote sensing during a working trip to TerraTech JSC

“Today, the need for forestry with up-to-date data from Russian satellite imagery is provided at the level of 50%. It is important for the forest complex to increase the possibilities and use of Earth remote sensing data. This will allow the introduction of modern technologies for remote assessment of forest resources, increase the speed, volume and quality of forest inventory, state forest inventory, monitoring of fires, deforestation and reforestation,” said Victoria Abramchenko.

In addition, according to the Deputy Prime Minister, it is planned to pilot the integration of LesEGAIS, which ensures the traceability of wood, and data from the Digital Earth of Roskosmos to identify changes in the state of forests.

“Space images should form an evidence base for illegal logging without an inspector visiting the site. Then controllers will be able to apply effective response measures to illegal logging even in remote areas,” said Victoria Abramchenko. She noted that this will increase the speed and accuracy of obtaining information on deforestation, including based on the analysis of satellite imagery using neural network technology.

A pilot project for the use of such data will be launched by Rosleskhoz together with Roskosmos in 2022 in two subjects – the Irkutsk and Arkhangelsk regions.

In particular, during the meeting, the climate agenda was touched upon – the prospects for the development of the Russian space system for monitoring greenhouse gases. Currently, the necessary spectrometers are installed on two Russian Meteor-M hydrometeorological satellites, and four more similar devices are under production with launch dates up to 2025.

“Satellites solve a wide range of civilian tasks in the country’s public administration system. Space surveillance tools are indispensable in the field of preventing and tracking the development of emergencies, fires, floods, for monitoring territories and natural resources, and ensuring navigation in the Arctic. In order for all tasks to be carried out efficiently and on time, the Russian orbital constellation must be seriously increased. New spacecraft should be based on advanced domestic achievements in the field of instrumentation and microelectronics. To do this, the enterprises of the rocket and space industry of Russia have the necessary technological reserves and competencies,” said Deputy Prime Minister Yury Borisov.

Digital Earth is a factory for processing satellite images using artificial intelligence and neural network technologies, which allows satellite data and analytics to be transmitted to regulatory authorities at all levels many times faster and more conveniently than ever before. We tested the integration of our development with federal and regional systems and received positive feedback. Every year, there is a growing demand from both government and commercial customers for data and geoanalytics. This growth dictates the need to build up the Russian constellation of remote sensing satellites so that our consumers are able to operate with a larger volume of relevant and objective space data. To solve this task of national importance, it is necessary to invest in satellites, services, technologies, including with the attraction of private investments, as is currently being implemented in world practice,” said Dmitry Rogozin, Director General of the Roscosmos State Corporation.

The Digital Earth project is being implemented on behalf of the President by the Roscosmos State Corporation, Russian Space Systems JSC and TerraTech JSC under the Digital Economy national program. This is a comprehensive project for modernizing the infrastructure for the supply of space data in the ideology of a service approach in the interests of executive authorities to improve the technological and information-analytical basis for conducting control and supervisory activities.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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