Marat Khusnullin spoke at the State Duma as part of the government hour. Opening the plenary session, Chairman of the State Duma Vyacheslav Volodin noted the effectiveness of interaction between the Government and parliamentarians and said that this work is built on a systematic basis.
In his report, Marat Khusnullin spoke about the measures taken to achieve the targets in the field of construction and housing and communal services, and summed up the results of 2021. The Deputy Prime Minister recalled the national goals set by the President for implementation by 2030: improving the living conditions of at least 5 million families annually and commissioning housing in the amount of 120 million square meters. m per year, which in 10 years will be about 1 billion sq. The industries will also have to improve the quality of the urban environment by 1.5 times and bring 85% of the infrastructure of the road network into a standard state. “All our work is not just numbers. We do this in order to improve the comfort and quality of life of people, to create an infrastructure for people. After all, it is a person who is the main capital of our country,” said Marat Khusnullin.
Among the main results of housing construction in 2021, the Deputy Prime Minister named a record commissioning of housing in the amount of 92.6 million square meters. m, which is 18.7% higher than the plan. This improved the living conditions of about 4.2 million families. At the same time, a good foundation for the future was created in 2021: permits for housing construction were issued in the amount of almost 40 million square meters. However, according to him, in order to further increase these indicators, it is necessary to increase the urban development potential by almost a third, which should reach 500 million square meters by 2027. m, and so far has reached 390 million sq. m, which is 14% more than in 2020. Marat Khusnullin said that this task will be solved through active involvement in the circulation of land. “In the last year alone, working with Rosreestr, we managed to identify 80,000 hectares of inefficiently used land,” he said.
Marat Khusnullin spoke about the implementation of the emergency housing resettlement program. “We are fulfilling our current plans ahead of schedule,” he said and said that the indicators for 2019-2021 were achieved by 146%, as a result of which 270,000 people living on an area of 4.64 million square meters were relocated from emergency houses. The Deputy Prime Minister also stressed that thanks to the support of the deputies, a law was adopted on the Territorial Development Fund, which will become the operator of the new program. “With this law, we have laid the legal foundations for the implementation of the program, and already nine regions that have completed the implementation of the old program ahead of schedule will be able to start resettling such housing,” he said.
Another factor influencing the development of housing construction, Marat Khusnullin called the availability of housing purchases for citizens, including through mortgage loans: in total, almost 2 million loans were issued in the amount of 5.7 trillion rubles, which is 30% higher than in 2020 . At the same time, half of the loans were provided as part of the implementation of preferential mortgage programs. The Vice Prime Minister noted that in 2021, the purchasing power of citizens increased due to the spread of preferential mortgages for individual housing construction. At the end of the year, the average credit rate decreased from 7.7% to 7.5%. “We continue to fulfill the task set in the presidential decree to achieve mortgage rates of no more than 7.9%, despite the increase in the key rate,” he said and explained that the high key rate is one of the obstacles to the development of housing construction in Russia.
Marat Khusnullin paid special attention to the situation in the housing and communal sector. He recalled that financial support measures were taken in 2021 and serious prerequisites were created at the legislative level for the development of the housing and communal services sector, however, today about 60% of utility infrastructure facilities are worn out and this figure increases by 3% annually. More than half of the country’s population is at risk of receiving housing and communal services of inadequate quality, and the need to finance the modernization of housing and communal services is 4.5 trillion rubles. The Deputy Prime Minister said that the Government will continue to work on regulating the industry in order to fill it with investments to modernize the housing and communal services system in order to reduce accidents, adjust tariffs, and ensure the quality and reliability of public utilities.
Marat Khusnullin told the deputies about the results of achieving the indicators of national goals as part of the implementation of the national project “Safe Quality Roads”. “In 2021, 290 km of new federal roads were put into operation and 6.4 thousand km were repaired. I would like to note the good dynamics of road construction in the regions where 19 thousand km of roads have been repaired,” he said, and also said that the volume of state support for the regions is growing every year, thanks to which in 2021 it was possible to fulfill the plan by 220%.
In his speech, Marat Khusnullin touched upon the topic of improving the quality of transport services for the population as an indispensable condition for increasing the level of comfort in the urban environment. He said that as part of the Mobile City initiative, in 2021, recommendations were developed to optimize transport service systems in urban agglomerations, and by March 1, the Government plans to approve a public transport development program developed at the initiative of the United Russia party following the results of the XX Congress. We are talking, among other things, about updating the rolling stock, optimizing parking spaces and other measures aimed at developing public transport.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.