MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
Over the past year, about 1.8 thousand kilometers of engineering networks have been built and reconstructed. This made it possible to reduce their average wear.
At a meeting of the Presidium of the Moscow Government, the issue of the development of utility infrastructure and energy saving in 2021 was considered and the program for 2022 was approved.
Last year, the Moscow Government, together with grid companies (JSC Mosvodokanal, JSC Mosgaz, PJSC Mosenergo and others), continued to modernize the infrastructure of electricity, heat, gas and water supply, sanitation, and lighting.
Over the past year, about two thousand kilometers of engineering networks have been built and reconstructed. This made it possible to reduce their average wear.
The level of depreciation of the network infrastructure in Moscow in 2010–2021, in percent
Electricity of the net
by 16.5 percentage points
Main heat networks
by 2.6 percentage points
by 8.6 percentage points
by 1.5 percentage points
by 1.0 percentage points
by 2.9 percentage points
by 8.0 percentage points
In addition, significant events for Moscow engineering in 2021 were:
— overhaul of engineering networks on the territory of the city clinical hospital named after S.P. Botkin and other medical institutions;
— completion of the first and second stages of a large-scale reconstruction of the Lyubertsy treatment facilities;
— reconstruction of the Tushinsky and Rubtsovsky gas siphon pipelines, as well as the construction of the Likovsky gas distribution point for gasification of the Filimonkovsky and Pervomaisky settlements (TiNAO);
— equipping architectural and artistic lighting at 14 Tverskaya Street, where the Eliseevsky grocery store was opened at the beginning of the 20th century.
In 2021, the reconstruction of the Lesnaya 200 kilovolt electrical substation (second stage) was completed. 33 transformer substations have been installed at various city facilities. At CHPP-23, a T-96 transformer of the TDTs-400000/220 type was replaced with the installation of a generator switch; at CHPP-22, the generator of station block No. 2 TV-60-2 was replaced with a new one with air cooling and replacement of relay protection and automation.
Over the past year, 1,200 kilometers of lines have been built and 260 kilometers of power grids have been reconstructed.
In total, within the framework of the program, including 2021, 16.5 thousand kilometers of power lines were built and reconstructed.
The decrease in the wear and tear of electrical networks amounted to 16.5 percentage points – from 65.2 to 48.7 percent.
In 2022, they plan to build and reconstruct 1,582 kilometers of power lines. The plans include the reconstruction of the Baskakovo substation, the connection of 19 ultra-fast charging stations for electric buses and 450 charging stations for passenger electric vehicles, and the re-equipment of the power distribution scheme at CHPP-20.
In 2021, 129 kilometers were built and 107.5 kilometers of main heating networks were reconstructed.
We completed the reconstruction of the Chertanovskaya pumping station.
At CHPP-9, the systems for commercial accounting of heat energy and heat carrier were re-equipped. PVK-10 heating surfaces were replaced at CHPP-26. At CHPP-21, the live steam pipeline of station block No. 8 was replaced.
In total, within the framework of the program, including 2021, 2.2 thousand kilometers of heating networks were built and reconstructed.
Decreased wear and tear of main heating networks amounted to 2.6 percentage points – from 46.5 to 43 percent.
In 2022, it is planned to build 214 kilometers and reconstruct 126 kilometers of heating networks.
In 2021, 46.5 kilometers of gas pipelines were built and reconstructed. The reconstruction of the Tushinsky and Rubtsovsky underwater gas pipelines-siphons, the construction of the Likovsky gas distribution point and 27.5 kilometers of gas pipelines in the settlements of Filimonkovsky, Pervomaisky, Mikhailovo-Yartsevsky and Klenovsky Tinao have been completed.
In total, as part of the program, including 2021, 873 kilometers of gas pipelines were built and reconstructed.
The decrease in the wear and tear of gas networks amounted to 8.6 percentage points – from 36.5 to 27.9 percent.
In 2022, it is planned to reconstruct 52 kilometers of gas pipelines, including the Kutuzovsky, Shchukinsky, Golyanovskiy and Frunzensky gas pipelines. The plans include the construction of 39.4 kilometers of gas pipelines in the TiNAO.
In 2021, 30.8 kilometers of collectors were built and reconstructed. In Zelenograd, a major overhaul of the structures of the 12th microdistrict collector was completed. This increased the reliability of the life systems of the Silino area.
Nine collectors were upgraded: TsDT, Novokonyushkovsky, Panfilovsky-2, Vavilovsky, Gagarin Square, Astakhovsky, Tagansky, Butyrsky and Nastasinsky.
In total, within the framework of the program, including 2021, 318 kilometers of cable communication collectors were built and reconstructed.
Decreased wear and tear of collector networks amounted to eight percent, from 25 to 17.
In 2022, it is planned to reconstruct 31.1 kilometers of collectors, including Zaryadye, Akademika Sakharova, Novy Arbat and others.
Water supply and sanitation
In 2021, 103 kilometers of water supply and 62 kilometers of sewer networks were built and reconstructed.
We completed the first and second stages of a large-scale modernization of the Lyubertsy treatment facilities.
We built treatment facilities in the village of Kiev (TiNAO) with a capacity of six thousand cubic meters per day. In addition, 5.7 kilometers of pipelines were laid in the village of Kokoshkino to transfer existing and prospective subscribers to the water of the Moscow water supply system.
In total, within the framework of the program, including 2021, 1.2 thousand kilometers of water supply and more than 550 kilometers of sewerage networks were built and reconstructed.
The decrease in the wear and tear of water supply networks amounted to 1.5 percentage points – from 49.8 to 48.3 percent, and sewer networks – 2.9 percentage points: from 50.2 to 47.3 percent.
Construction and reconstruction of 224 kilometers of water supply and 119 kilometers of sewerage networks are planned for 2022.
In 2021, 33.2 kilometers of drainage networks were updated.
In total, as part of the program, including 2021, more than 270 kilometers of drainage networks were built and reconstructed. As a result, the number of problem areas for water accumulation in Moscow decreased from 2,785 (in 2011) to 43 addresses (in 2022).
The decrease in the wear and tear of drainage networks amounted to one percentage point – from 43.8 to 42.8 percent.
Construction and reconstruction of 20.5 kilometers of drainage networks is planned for 2022.
Urban lighting and architectural and artistic lighting
In 2021, 55 thousand were installed and 4.7 thousand outdoor lighting poles were replaced. In 2022, it is planned to install another 36,000 lanterns in courtyards, children’s and sports grounds, on the territories of schools and kindergartens.
Architectural and artistic lighting was done last year at house 14 on Tverskaya Street, in which the Eliseevsky grocery store was opened at the beginning of the 20th century. 325 objects of architectural and artistic illumination were also repaired.
In total, as part of the program, including 2021, 365,000 new outdoor lighting poles were installed. The number of lighting fixtures has almost doubled and reached 714,000. In 2011 there were 399 thousand of them.
The number of buildings and structures with architectural and artistic lighting has almost quadrupled — today there are more than 2,200 of them. Among them are transport overpasses, temples and buildings located on pedestrian routes and the main thoroughfares of the city, on the embankments of the Moscow River.
Integrated system of municipal solid waste management
On January 1, 2020, separate waste collection began to be introduced in Moscow ahead of schedule. To do this, we have created the necessary infrastructure. About 23,000 container sites were branded, including 18,000 in the residential sector and almost 5,000 in social institutions. About a thousand branded garbage trucks work on the line.
Separate collection of municipal solid waste will increase the volume of their disposal and reduce the amount of waste disposal at landfills.
Improving water quality in the Moscow River
To improve the condition of the Moskva River and reduce unpleasant odors, the reconstruction and modernization of the Kuryanovsk treatment facilities was completed while maintaining the existing capacity (3 million cubic meters per day). Among other things, a complex for mechanical wastewater treatment and two groups of secondary settling tanks were introduced. The comprehensive reconstruction of the Lyubertsy treatment facilities is also ongoing.
The work is divided into five stages. Two of them completed in 2021. The third stage of work – the construction of facilities for the removal of phosphorus and nitrogen in the return flows after sewage sludge dehydration – will be carried out at the expense of extrabudgetary funds under a concession agreement. It was concluded in 2022 for a period of 27 years. For the fourth stage – the construction of the second block of treatment facilities – 7.3 billion rubles were allocated from the Moscow budget. Work will begin in 2022.
At the fifth stage, it is planned to build facilities for the disinfection of wastewater by ultraviolet radiation with a capacity of one million cubic meters per day.
The main tasks and projects in the field of engineering development for 2022:
— construction and reconstruction of about 2.4 thousand kilometers of engineering networks;
— reconstruction of the Baskakovo substation;
— connection of 19 ultra-fast charging stations for electric buses and 450 charging stations for passenger electric vehicles;
— reconstruction of the Kutuzovsky, Shchukinsky, Golyanovskiy and Frunzensky gas siphon pipelines, as well as the construction of 39.4 kilometers of gas pipelines in TiNAO;
— installation of 36,000 lighting poles in courtyards, children’s and sports grounds, on the territory of schools and kindergartens;
— technical re-equipment of draft mechanisms of CHPP-16 and additional water conduits of CHPP-21, as well as replacement of screens, convective heating surfaces and burners at CHPP-25;
— modernization of the Zaryadye, Akademika Sakharova, Novy Arbat and other collectors;
— continuation of the reconstruction of the Lyubertsy treatment facilities;
— construction of treatment facilities in the village of Klenovo with a capacity of 2,000 cubic meters per day.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.