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Source: Russia Federal Space

# Roscosmos # Memorable date # History # Yuri Gagarin # Tsiolkovsky Museum 06/13/2021 02:4560 years ago Yuri Gagarin laid the foundation stone for the Kaluga Cosmonautics Museum

60 years ago, on June 13, 1961, the first cosmonaut of the planet Yuri Alekseevich Gagarin laid the symbolic foundation stone for the world’s first museum of the history of cosmonautics. 60 years later, the construction of the second stage of the State Museum of the History of Cosmonautics named after K.E. After laying flowers at the foot of the obelisk on the grave of Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky, Yuri Gagarin walked to the site of the new museum. The first cosmonaut of the planet laid a symbolic stone, a plate was installed on the masonry with the inscription: “The State Museum of K.E. Tsiolkovsky “. Shortly before the opening, the museum was named “The State Museum of the History of Cosmonautics named after K.E. Tsiolkovsky. State Museum of the History of Cosmonautics named after K.E. Tsiolkovsky in Kaluga – the world’s first and largest in Russia museum of space themes, created with the direct participation of Sergei Korolev and Yuri Gagarin. It was opened on October 3, 1967. Unique expositions of the Museum of Cosmonautics reveal the history of aeronautics, aviation, rocket and space technology. The scientific heritage of Tsiolkovsky, the founder of theoretical cosmonautics, a prominent inventor, author of works on philosophy and sociology, is exhaustively presented. The museum’s expositions reflect the history of Russian cosmonautics from the first artificial Earth satellite to modern long-term orbital stations. Visitors to the Cosmonautics Museum get acquainted with the activities of the outstanding chief designers: S.P. Koroleva, V.P. Glushko, V.N. Chelomey, S.A. Kosberg, G.N. Babakina, A.M. Isaev and others. The Cosmonautics Museum displays a collection of rocket engines. The museum possesses the most complete systematic collection of museum items on astronautics in the country, most of which are unique. The museum’s collection includes more than 75,000 items. Lectures are held in the cosmonautics museum’s cozy planetarium using breathtaking visual effects. In 2009, the museum installed the latest model of the planetarium of the German company “Carl Zeiss”, which makes it possible to demonstrate full-dome programs with a stunning imitation of the presence in space. The second stage of the Cosmonautics Museum is a new modern building with an area of ​​12.5 thousand square meters. meters, which is almost four times the area of ​​a historic building, the exhibition area has increased five times. The new building forms a single ensemble with the existing museum while maintaining the dominant position of the composition, which includes the museum building, the Vostok missile launch complex and the relief itself. The buildings were connected by an underground passage. A new modern three-storey building made of glass and metal with a height of 20.5 meters is “inscribed” into the slope of the coastline with a complex relief. The project provides for an exploitable roof (2.5 thousand square meters), a solar panel site, skylights to illuminate the upper-level premises, as well as a landscaped area for museum visitors and citizens. From the roof and an open ramp on the main façade, a beautiful view of the Yachenskoe reservoir opens. The most comfortable conditions have been created for visitors to the museum: a spacious entrance area, six passenger elevators are provided for movement, including three with panoramic views, 12 escalators. For people with limited mobility, a whole range of measures is provided to equip the territory, including the organization of exits to the observation deck located on the operated roof. Special interactive zones have been created for visitors: a 3D cinema, an interactive educational center, a scientific and adventure complex “Space Travel” with imitation of effects space flight, observatory, multimedia complex “Interactive Planet”. Guests will be able to visit the “Space Cafe” with a corresponding menu. The renovated museum of cosmonautics will have a full-fledged storage facility, which is designed taking into account the most modern requirements and technologies for storing museum items.


EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation from Russian Language to English.

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