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AXIS MILES Translational. Region: Russia –

Source: Russia Federal Space

# Roscosmos # History # Memorable date # Valentina Tereshkova

58 years ago, on June 16, 1963, the Vostok launch vehicle was launched from the Baikonur cosmodrome, which launched the Vostok-6 spacecraft into orbit around the Earth, piloted for the first time in the world by a woman-cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova. Her call sign is “Chaika”. During the flight, Valentina Vladimirovna kept a logbook and took photographs of the horizon, which were later used to detect aerosol layers in the atmosphere. The spacecraft made 48 orbits around our planet, and the Vostoka-6 descent vehicle landed safely in the Baevsky region of the Altai Territory. The flight duration was 2 days 22 hours 50 minutes, the range was 1 million 971 thousand kilometers. “The preparation of the rocket, the ship and all the maintenance operations were extremely clear. In terms of the clarity and coherence of the work of all services and systems, the start of Tereshkova reminded me of the start of Gagarin. As on April 12, 1961, on June 16, 1963, the flight was prepared and began excellently. Everyone who saw Tereshkova during the preparation of the launch and the launch of the spacecraft into orbit, who listened to her reports on the radio, unanimously declared: “She made the launch better than Popovich and Nikolaev.” Yes, I am very glad that I was not mistaken in choosing the first female cosmonaut “, – described Lieutenant General Nikolai Kamanin, who was engaged in the selection and training of cosmonauts. Simultaneously with her, the Vostok-5 spacecraft, launched two days earlier, was in space – June 14, 1963, piloted by cosmonaut Valery Bykovsky. Call sign – “Hawk.” Sky! Take off your hat! ” (modified quote from Vladimir Mayakovsky’s poem “A Cloud in Pants”). The first “Seagull” of the Soviet cosmonautics (this is the call sign invented by Sergei Pavlovich Korolev) is still the only woman on our planet who made a single space flight. All subsequent female cosmonauts and astronauts flew into space only as part of crews. [Embedded content] Records set by Valentina Tereshkova: The first female cosmonaut in the world (sixth among Soviet cosmonauts, 12th man in space); the youngest woman, who has been in space – at the time of the flight she was 26 years old; the only woman who flew alone (others flew already as part of the crews); the first woman in the history of the Russian army to have the rank of Major General of Aviation.


EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation from Russian Language to English.

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