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MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –

Source: State University of Management – Official website of the State University –

In the fall of 2023, by order of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation, consultants and researchers from the All-Russian Center for the Study of Public Opinion, with the organizational support of specialists from the State University of Management, conducted a study “Employment of young people during training and immediately after graduation. Problems, requests, solutions.”

The study included a quantitative online survey of young people aged 14 to 35 years with 1,769 respondents divided into four target audiences: schoolchildren in grades 8-11, secondary vocational students, university students, employed and unemployed college and university graduates. 10 in-depth interviews were taken from public opinion leaders of the same target audiences. Another 10 expert interviews were conducted with representatives of government bodies responsible for the implementation of programs aimed at youth employment, heads of large companies and enterprises, and representatives of the academic community dealing with labor market problems. There were also four online forums with schoolchildren, secondary vocational students, university students and young professionals.

The main conclusion is that the labor market is scarce, and this is a “job seeker’s market.” But this is a market for a “suitable” applicant. Employers, as before, are not very ready to hire people without experience. Therefore, the share of student youth working part-time is very high: 34% are schoolchildren, 61% are VET students, 69% are university students. Among unemployed students, more than half in each category want to find a part-time job to gain experience. However, in the absence of experience, finding a job/part-time job is not always easy and is often associated with stress (the problem is which should come first “the chicken or the egg”).

88% of students and 82% of graduates positively accept the idea of mentoring, which should help integrate previously acquired experience into the specifics of a particular company or organization. At the same time, it is emphasized that there should be no generation gap between the young specialist and the mentor. In addition, some respondents incorrectly perceive the mentor, seeing him as an additional controller.

Let’s look at these categories in more detail.

SchoolchildrenMore than half of schoolchildren have already decided on their choice of future profession (53%), the opposite answer was given by every fifth student (21%). A quarter (26%) have made their choice, but are still unsure. And to the question about the factors that influenced the choice of profession, the top 5 answers were distributed as follows: – Excursions to enterprises and places of work – 19% – Parental recommendations / films – 16% – Celebrity opinions – 13% – Personal preferences – 12% – Teachers’ stories – 11%

Career guidance classes that exist specifically to help in choosing a future specialty were named by the least number of respondents – 4%.

Respondents consider the difficulty of combining work and study to be the main barrier in finding part-time work. Among the main difficulties, school youth name a small number of vacancies in interesting specialties (21%) and a small number of vacancies with a suitable salary (20%). Only 11% see a lack of experience as a barrier. However, only 5% of respondents did not find any difficulties at all in finding employment.

Students of secondary special education Among students of educational institutions of secondary special education, the majority (78%) plan to work in their specialty.

As for the barriers to finding a job, it is noticeably easier for vocational education students to find one than for schoolchildren. And they named the main problem in finding employment as the lack of professional knowledge acquired during their studies (29%). Second place is shared by the lack of connections and the small number of vacancies with a suitable salary (20% per answer option).

42% would like to go to live and work in another region. Reasons include better employment opportunities and working conditions, as well as a more interesting, eventful life with a high level of comfort. However, the intention to move is not the same as action. When moving, a factor such as the cost of living in another region (primarily rental housing) is taken into account. A balance is calculated between the potential salary increase and the higher cost of living. Often this balance looks unattractive when deciding to move.

Interestingly, more than half of vocational education students (54%) say that their future work will be related to their parents – either in the same profession or in the same field as their parents, or in the company or business of their parents. 41% show interest in starting their own business, and 13% say they already have one. In the latter case, we are perhaps talking about services in the “gray zone” or in the “garage economy”.

University Students36% of university students plan to continue their studies after graduation. Among secondary vocational education students, only 21% expressed such a desire. The intention to work in their specialty among university students is 79% (close to the indicator for secondary vocational education students).

Attitudes towards interregional migration among university students are higher than among vocational education students (62% versus 42%). However, the factor of balance between the gain in salary and the increase in the cost of living when moving to another region is also important for them. Many remain in their region because they are emotionally attached to their territory, friends, and parents.

69% of university students do not experience serious problems with finding work/part-time work, which is comparable to the answers of vocational education students. The main difficulty for them was the reluctance of employers to hire students (reported by 40% of university students versus 14% of secondary vocational students). 37% are not satisfied with the proposed schedule. 28% give a reason similar to the reason given by college students – lack of work experience. 27% of the answer options include: lack of interesting vacancies, insufficient salaries and lack of connections. Employers are more loyal to hiring/providing part-time work for vocational education students. There are higher requirements for university students. Firstly, employers’ demand for manual labor is now higher (this is especially pronounced in industry). Secondly, university students are required to have a combination of both hard and soft skills. In general, only “hard skills” (“craft in hand”) are expected from vocational education students.

Only 13% of university students intend to connect their work with the activities of their parents. Despite all the demanding employers, students see more opportunities in the labor market outside the narrow “world of their parents.”

Graduates Among graduates of universities and secondary vocational education systems, 24% are already doing something to change their acquired specialty, 55% are thinking about it, but do not yet have specific plans. The majority (73%) of those already making efforts to change their specialty or thinking about it simply want to earn more, 57% would like to acquire new knowledge and skills, 36% want to try something new. It is important to note that among those who “reflect,” many will remain “at the stage of reflection.”

68% of university and college graduates noted that after completing their studies, they remained in their region, 43% – directly in their hometown. This is yet another confirmation of the thesis that the declared desire to move to another region does not always translate into action. In addition, the boom of defense industry enterprises in the regions against the backdrop of the Northern Military District created new jobs, significantly increased regional salaries and created career prospects for years to come.

We attach the full study in slides:


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Note; This information is raw content directly from the source of the information. This is exactly what the source states and does not reflect the position of MIL-OSI or its clients.

Please note; This information is raw content directly from the information source. It is accurate to what the source is stating and does not reflect the position of MIL-OSI or its clients.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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