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MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –

Source: Rosneft – Rosneft – An important disclaimer is located at the bottom of this article.

Two polar bear cubs were born in the Yakutsk Zoo “Orto Doidu”. The parents, for the third time, were a pair of polar bears, Kolyman and Lomonosov, who are under the care of Rosneft.

According to zoo director Luka Safonov, the female’s behavior began to change in December – she refused to eat, and then lay down in a den. “Recently, we were able to see through the built-in video camera that the female had given birth to offspring. Now the cubs are helpless and cannot even crawl. However, they have already grown down and the camera can see how their pupils sparkle,” said Safonov.

It is impossible to determine the sex of newborns from video footage. The zoo believes that Kolymana will take the cubs for a walk for the first time in March – then the zoo will select names for the cubs.

The orphaned Kolymana was found in 2012 on the Bear Islands archipelago in the Nizhnekolymsky region of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). Lomonosov was born in the Leningrad Zoo, from where he was brought to Yakutsk. With the support of Rosneft, an additional enclosure with a den necessary for raising cubs was built for the couple at the zoo. The zoo took into account that in the wild the female raises the babies alone. In 2016, the bears gave birth to Khaarchaana – she is now in the Leningrad Zoo, and in 2019 – Almaz, who was transported to Khabarovsk.

Reference:

Preservation and protection of the polar bear population is one of the main directions of Rosneft’s environmental program. Since 2013, all polar bears living in Russian zoos have been under the care of the Company. To date, the Company patronizes, along with newborn twins, 33 polar bears in 16 zoos across the country. Rosneft fully provides their maintenance, feeding, veterinary support, as well as updating their enclosures, conducting scientific research and educational programs.

Rosneft studies polar bears in the wild. Since 2014, the Company has conducted about 50 complex Arctic expeditions, during which scientists, among other things, assessed the size of the polar bear population, migration routes, collected and analyzed biological samples of predators. The information obtained is extremely important for the future of the region, since the bear is a bioindicator species of local ecosystems, just like reindeer, walrus and ivory gull, which Rosneft is also studying.

According to the “Strategy for the Conservation of the Polar Bear” in the Russian Federation, the success of reproduction of the species in nature largely depends on the conditions of occurrence and stay in the den: the presence and quality of snowfields, the absence of disturbance factors, and after leaving the den – the availability of prey and stable weather conditions. Polar bears have a low reproductive potential: a female gives birth once every 2-3 years, with a litter of one to three cubs. Newborn cubs are helpless and weigh about 600 g. After 3 months, the female leaves the den with them and moves on to life on drifting ice. Under normal conditions, cubs remain with the female until the third autumn of life. The mortality rate among cubs in the first year of life is more than 30-40%.

Department of Information and Advertising PJSC NK Rosneft January 30, 2024

Note; This information is raw content directly from the source of the information. This is exactly what the source states and does not reflect the position of MIL-OSI or its clients.

Please note; This information is raw content directly from the information source. It is accurate to what the source is stating and does not reflect the position of MIL-OSI or its clients.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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