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MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –

Source: State University of Management – Official website of the State University –

February 2 marks one of the days of military glory of Russia – the 81st anniversary of the defeat of German troops at Stalingrad.

The Battle of Stalingrad, which began on July 17, 1942, was of enormous strategic importance. In the event of an enemy victory, Germany would gain access to the oil regions of the Caucasus and the rich agricultural lands of the Volga region.

The defensive stage of the battle within the city became especially fierce. On both sides, soldiers literally fought for every street and every house. The opponents heard each other through the walls, infrastructure facilities changed hands several times, and due to the dense fire, being a few meters from the Volga, it was impossible to approach the river for water. Individual buildings appeared on military maps and remained forever in history: Pavlov’s House, the Mill, the Department Store and others.

Having restrained the attacking fervor of the German troops, the Soviet command managed to attract troops from three fronts and significant reserves to the city, ensuring at least a two-fold superiority of forces. The counteroffensive began on November 19, 1942. As a result of Operation Uranus, the Germans suffered heavy losses, were pushed away from the city or blocked in it, and as a result of the subsequent Operation Ring, they were surrounded. By order from Berlin, the commander of the German group, Field Marshal General Friedrich Paulus, rejected the Soviet ultimatum, but a month later, on January 31, he was forced to capitulate. On February 2, the last active enemy group surrendered.

During the counteroffensive, 32 enemy divisions and 3 brigades were completely destroyed, 16 divisions suffered personnel losses ranging from 50 to 75% and lost their combat effectiveness. In total, during the Battle of Stalingrad, the armies of the fascist bloc lost about 25% of the forces operating on the Soviet-German front. For military distinctions, 55 formations and units of the Red Army were awarded orders, 213 were transformed into guards units, 46 received honorary titles of Stalingrad, Don, Kantemirov and others.

In addition to the defeated enemy troops and retained strategically important territories, the result of the Battle of Stalingrad was Turkey’s refusal to invade the USSR in the spring of 1943, and Japan once again postponed the Siberian Campaign – the Kantokuen plan, which the descendants of the samurai finally abandoned after the Battle of Kursk. Having lost about 200,000 of their soldiers at Stalingrad, Romania, Italy and Hungary began to look for ways out of the war. The Battle of Stalingrad became one of the largest and most important general battles not only of the Great Patriotic War, but also of the Second World War.

Subscribe to the tg channel “Our State University” Publication date: 02/2/2024

Note; This information is raw content directly from the source of the information. This is exactly what the source states and does not reflect the position of MIL-OSI or its clients.

Please note; This information is raw content directly from the information source. It is accurate to what the source is stating and does not reflect the position of MIL-OSI or its clients.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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