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Source: Peter the Great St Petersburg Polytechnic University – Peter the Great St Petersburg Polytechnic University – Peter the Great St Petersburg Polytechnic University.

In ours. special project for the 125th anniversary of Polytechnic University we will recount the events that took place in different years from February 5 through February 11.

Russian President Vladimir Putin meets with Andrei Rudsky, rector of SPbPU, academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, at the Kremlin on February 6, 2019.

At the beginning of the conversation V. V. Putin congratulated the polytechnics on the upcoming 120th anniversary of the university, which was celebrated in 2019. Then Andrei Rudskoy told the head of state about his vision of the prospects for cooperation between science and industry, building relations with the government of St. Petersburg and the university’s development plans.

On February 6-7, 2020, Polytechnic University held the “Polytechnic Days in Berlin”. The forum was held within the framework of the Russian-German Year of Scientific and Educational Partnerships 2018-2020. The program of the two-day forum included an exhibition of scientific developments, panel discussions, and business tracks. The European Alumni Forum of St. Petersburg Polytechnic University was also held.

On February 7, 1941, the Soviet cruiser diesel-electric submarine K-55 was launched. In 1932, it was decided to create a compromise project of a large boat, combining both the high surface speed of a squadron boat and the long range and powerful armament of a cruiser.

The project of such a boat, designated KE-9 (“cruiser-squadron”), was proposed in early 1935 by M.A. Rudnitsky, head of the submarine shipbuilding department of the Research Institute of Military Shipbuilding (in 1916 he entered the shipbuilding department of the St. Petersburg Polytechnic Institute, but already in his first year he was drafted into the army, after the revolution he studied at the Naval Engineering School and was a student at the Naval Academy). In honor of their creator, “K” type boats are sometimes also designated as KR (“Rudnitsky’s cruiser”).

The preliminary design of the boat was approved on January 25, 1936 and was transferred to the Central Design Bureau-2 for further development under Rudnitsky’s supervision. The characteristics of the KE-9 project were so promising that in accordance with the shipbuilding program adopted in 1936, all large submarines to be built in the future were to belong to this type.

February 7, 1906 was born Oleg Antonov, Soviet aircraft designer, Academician of the USSR Academy of Sciences. Hero of Socialist Labor Oleg Konstantinovich Antonov.

Oleg Antonov was a hereditary nobleman. His great-grandfather served as a chief manager of state-owned metallurgical plants in the Urals, an official on special assignments, and had the rank of a full State Counselor.

Oleg Antonov was fond of airplanes since childhood, he was involved in the school circle of aviation enthusiasts. In 1924, while studying at the track department of Saratov University, he built his first glider and organized a local circle of aviation enthusiasts.

In 1924 he participated in the second All-Union planetary tests in Koktebel.

In 1925 he entered the Mechanical Engineering Department of the Leningrad Polytechnic Institute named after M. I. Kalinin, and graduated in 1930.

In 1931, the talented young engineer headed the technical part of the Higher Glider School in Koktebel and the Central Bureau of Glider Designs of Osoaviakhim. In 1933 he became the chief designer of the glider factory in Tushin. From 1938 he was a leading engineer at the Yakovlev Design Bureau. In 1941 Antonov was appointed chief engineer of the glider department of the People’s Commissariat of Aviation Industry.

On May 31, 1946, by resolution of the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks and the Council of Ministers of the USSR, a development bureau was established at the Novosibirsk Aviation Plant named after V. P. Chkalov, and O. K. Antonov was appointed chief designer. In 1952 Antonov’s design bureau was transferred from Novosibirsk to Kiev, retaining its specialization (military transport and passenger aircraft). The most famous models: light aircraft An-2, passenger aircraft An-24, medium transport aircraft An-12, heavy transport aircraft An-124 (“Ruslan”), the world’s largest aircraft An-225 (“Mriya”).

In 1953, O. K. Antonov began lecturing on the course of airplane design at the Kiev Institute of Civil Aircraft.

In 1962, he was promoted to General Designer of the Design Bureau.

After Oleg Konstantinovich’s death, the enterprise was named after him. Since 1984 – Antonov Design Bureau, since 1989 – Antonov Aviation Scientific and Technical Complex, now – Antonov State Enterprise.

February 8, 1834 in Tobolsk was born Dmitry Ivanovich Mendeleev, an outstanding Russian scientist, creator of the periodic law of chemical elements. This year marks the 190th anniversary of his birth.

Dmitry Mendeleev graduated with a gold medal from the Physics and Mathematics Department of the Pedagogical Institute in St. Petersburg. After graduation, he got a place as a teacher of the gymnasium at the Rishelievsky Lyceum in Odessa. In parallel, he was preparing for and defense of a thesis for the title of master at the University of St. Petersburg, because he wanted to engage in science. In 1857, D. I. Mendeleev defended his dissertation on the topic: “Specific volumes” and received the position of private associate professor at the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics of St. Petersburg University.

Д. I. Mendeleev is best known as a chemist, but he was an incredibly versatile scientist. His areas of interest included a wide variety of issues. He was involved in research in agriculture and industry, metrology, aeronautics, and shipbuilding.

From 1891 he was the director of the Main Chamber of Weights and Measures, which he founded, and a member of the board of the Ministry of Finance.

In addition to science and public activities, he devoted 35 years to teaching, attached great importance to education and himself participated in the organization of educational institutions.

Thus, D. I. Mendeleev was one of the associates and closest associates of S. Yu. Y. Witte in the organization of the Polytechnic Institute in St. Petersburg and is rightly considered one of its founders. On January 21, 1904 Dmitry Mendeleev was elected to the following position Honorary member of the St. Petersburg Polytechnic Institute.

Д. I. Mendeleev was one of the initiators of the creation of a community of scientists, artists and writers in St. Petersburg. Since 1878, “Mendeleev Wednesdays” were held in Mendeleev’s apartment. Among the professors who attended them was the future dean of the metallurgical department of Polytechnics Nikolai MenshutkinThe scientist’s portraits are by Ivan Kramskoy and Nikolai Yaroshenko, the authors of Mendeleev’s portraits. Two more depictions of the scientist belong to Ilya Repin. his profound and independent judgments were highly valued by artists.

February 8 is the Day of Russian Science. It was established by presidential decree in 1999 in honor of the 275th anniversary of the founding of the Russian Academy of Sciences. In 2024, the Russian Academy of Sciences will celebrate its 300th anniversary!

On February 8, 1724 the Senate decree on the establishment of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences and Arts was published. The first president of the Academy was medical scientist Lavrentiy Blumentrost. To make the academy match its foreign counterparts, Peter I invited many foreign scientists. Among the first were physicist Georg Bulfinger, historian G. F. Miller, astronomer and geographer Joseph Delille, mathematicians Nikolai and Daniel Bernoulli, Christian Goldbach.

The Academy changed its name several times: 1747 – Imperial Academy of Sciences and Arts in St. Petersburg, 1803 – Imperial Academy of Sciences, 1836 – Imperial St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences.

By the way, it should not be confused with the Russian Academy, established in 1783 by Empress Catherine II and Princess Catherine Dashkova (its first chairman). In 1841, this academy was joined to the Imperial Academy of Sciences in the form of a special department of Russian language and literature.

From 1917 to 1925, the main scientific institution of Soviet Russia, and after the USSR, was called the Russian Academy of Sciences, then the USSR Academy of Sciences. In 1934, the USSR Academy of Sciences moved to Moscow. From 1918 to 1961, there were their own academies in all Union republics, except for the RSFSR, where regional branches of the USSR Academy of Sciences were established.

After the collapse of the USSR, on November 21, 1991, the Russian Academy of Sciences as the highest scientific institution of Russia was reconstituted by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation.

On May 17, 2023, an Order of the Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation Mikhail Mishustin established the St. Petersburg Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

By the way, the name “academy” comes from the name of the ancient hero Academus. In 387 BC, Plato’s friends donated money to him to buy a place for a philosophical school. Plato looked out for a cozy grove northwest of Athens. It was believed to have been planted by the hero of Greek mythology, Academus, who built a house there and was buried there. The grove of Academus gave its name to Plato’s school and later to all scientific institutions of the world.

On February 10, 1940, the first two T-34s were manufactured and their testing began. On March 17, the tanks were scheduled to be shown to the members of the government in Moscow, and a tank rally Kharkov-Moscow was organized for this purpose. Given the importance of the event, tank designer Mikhail Koshkin himself participated in the tank rally.

Please note; This information is raw content directly from the source of the information. It is accurate to what the source states and does not reflect the position of MIL-OSI or its customers.

Please note; This information is raw content directly from the information source. It is accurate to what the source is stating and does not reflect the position of MIL-OSI or its clients.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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