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MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –

Source: State University of Management – Official website of the State University –

On March 9, 1934, in the village of Klushino, Smolensk region, a boy was born into a simple working-class family who was destined to go beyond the Earth’s atmosphere and open outer space for humanity. Today the whole world knows the name of Yuri Gagarin.

As children, the Gagarin family had to survive the German occupation. The invaders took Yura’s older brother and sister to Germany. After the war, the family moved to the city of Gzhatsk, which now bears the name of Gagarin. After graduating from the 6th grade, Yura went to his relatives in Moscow to study at the Lyubertsy vocational school No. 10, which is now a technical school named after him. After finishing his studies at evening school, joining the Komsomol and graduating with honors from college with a degree in foundry molding, Gagarin entered the Saratov Industrial College, where he proved himself to be a good athlete. In October 1954, he first came to the Saratov flying club. Since then, he has connected his life with flying.

After being drafted into the army, Yuri Gagarin was sent to the 1st Military Aviation School of Pilots named after Voroshilov, which these days… No, you didn’t guess, it doesn’t bear his name, it no longer exists. Despite all his diligence and love for flying, the future cosmonaut was almost expelled because, due to his short stature, he was unable to land the plane – he did not have enough viewing angle. The problem was solved by adding a thick lining to the pilot’s seat, so that in the end Gagarin graduated from this school with honors. He served in fighter regiments in the north of the USSR.

The first group of cosmonauts was created to prepare for the flight on the Vostok-1 spacecraft in 1959. 20 jet fighter pilots became applicants to join it. Candidates were selected by a special group of specialists from the Central Military Research Aviation Hospital. They paid attention to Gagarin not only for his excellent physical shape and high-quality training, but also for his psychological characteristics: determination, leadership qualities, the will to win, initiative, politeness, perseverance and good memory. But the small height here turned out to be just right due to the design limitations of the spacecraft. As a result of the selection tests, six people were enrolled in the detachment, and Yuri Gagarin was appointed commander. This happened on March 23, 1961. On April 3, the final decision was made to launch a man into space; on April 8, the flight assignment was approved and Gagarin was chosen as the first cosmonaut. The haste was explained by the fear that the Americans would have time to get ahead of us; information came that they were preparing a flight for April 20.

On April 12, 1961 at 09:07 Moscow time, he said: “Let’s go!”

The flight lasted 108 minutes. During this time, Yuri Gagarin conducted simple experiments to understand how a person feels in space: he ate, drank, and recorded his observations and sensations. The first manned space flight went well, although not without complications. First, the radio control system for turning off the third stage engines did not work and the ship rose 100 kilometers above the calculated point. During the descent with a lack of momentum, the braking propulsion system was activated and the automation did not separate the compartments, as a result of which Vostok-1 tumbled at a speed of 1 revolution per second 10 minutes before entering the dense layers of the atmosphere. And after ejection from the descent vehicle and disconnecting the air duct in Gagarin’s spacesuit, the air valve did not immediately open, and he was suffocating for some time. As everyone knows, everything ended well in the end.

For one of the most ambitious achievements in the history of mankind, senior lieutenant Yuri Gagarin received the extraordinary rank of major (bypassing the captain), the “Gold Star” of the Hero of the Soviet Union, the Order of Lenin, a four-room apartment at his place of service, a Volga car and 15,000 rubles. In the blink of an eye, he became world famous and soon the various awards were endless. The next three years passed in almost continuous meetings and trips around the country and the world. Flight practice was interrupted, the hero stopped playing sports, and gained excess weight.

Only in 1964 did Gagarin return to active work, becoming deputy head of the Cosmonaut Training Center and commander of a detachment of Soviet cosmonauts. Two years later, he began training for a flight on the new Soyuz spacecraft, was a crew member for the upcoming lunar program, and achieved the restoration of his qualifications as a test pilot, although the country’s leadership did not want to once again risk the life of the iconic figure of the first cosmonaut.

Yuri Gagarin’s love of flying and perseverance, unfortunately, led to his death. On March 27, 1968, while performing a training flight on a training MiG-15UTI, he crashed as a result of a sharp maneuver and the subsequent steep dive.

The memory of the smiling hero of the Earth remains in the names of cities and towns, streets and squares, minerals, flowers, vehicles, a huge number of educational institutions and, of course, space objects.

Today, the image of Yuri Gagarin embodies the determination of humanity to conquer new horizons, scientific progress and technological achievements of our country, as well as the endless opportunities that lie before each of us.

Subscribe to the tg channel “Our State University” Publication date: 03/9/2024

Note; This information is raw content directly from the source of the information. This is exactly what the source states and does not reflect the position of MIL-OSI or its clients.

Please note; This information is raw content directly from the information source. It is accurate to what the source is stating and does not reflect the position of MIL-OSI or its clients.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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