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Source: Peter the Great St Petersburg Polytechnic University – Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University –

In this issue special project, dedicated to the 125th anniversary of the Polytechnic University, you will learn about the events that took place at the Polytechnic in different years from March 11 to 17.

On March 11, 1931, the physical training complex “Ready for Labor and Defense of the USSR” (GTO) was introduced. Employees and students of the Polytechnic University immediately joined this movement. From September 1, 1935, compulsory training sessions were held in the 1st and 2nd courses in physical education. The basis was general physical training with the aim of mastering the standards of the GTO complex. In the spring of 1937, the first student sports competition of the institute was organized, in which 606 people took part. Since 2014, the Russian government decided to recreate the GTO system in a new format and with modern standards. At the end of December 2016, SPbPU became one of five Russian universities that, in accordance with the Order of the Ministry of Sports of Russia, are entitled to assess the implementation of test standards of the All-Russian Physical Culture and Sports Complex “Ready for Labor and Defense”.

On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak a pandemic. Polytechnic staff made a significant contribution to research. Mathematical model of the spread of coronavirus infection developed employees of the NTI SPbPU Competence Center together with experts from the Institute of Biomedical Systems and Biotechnologies of SPbPU and the Influenza Research Institute named after. A. A. Smorodintseva. Organizations included in the consortium of the SPbPU NTI Center also participated in the project. The project manager for creating a mathematical model is Alexey Borovkov, Vice-Rector for Advanced Projects of SPbPU, Head of the NTI SPbPU Competence Center.

On March 13, 1940, the Soviet-Finnish war, which is called the “Winter”, ended. Soviet troops managed to break through the Mannerheim Line, which created the threat of the complete defeat of Finland. Under these conditions, the Finnish government entered into peace negotiations with the Soviet Union. Finnish forests became the site of the first baptism of fire for the KV-1 tank, developed by polytechnician Nikolai Leonidovich Dukhov. Devices for the treatment of frostbite in front-line conditions using ultra-high frequency currents, developed by LPI associate professor V.V. Tsimbalin and his assistant E.M. Kamenev, became of great importance. Students from the engineering physics and power engineering faculties of LPI were also widely involved in the implementation of these works.

March 13, 2016 in Polytechnic Park for the first time Maslenitsa has passed. The event was organized by the Department of Youth Creativity and Cultural Programs of SPbPU together with the Trade Union Organization of Students and Postgraduate Students of the University. A distinctive feature of the Polytechnic Maslenitsa was its scientific focus: everyone could take part in master classes and competitions on engineering and technical creativity.

On March 14, Pi Day is celebrated annually all over the world – the most famous number in the world. The 3rd month, the 14th, is a special day for Polytechnic University, because “Pi” is the symbol of our university. Every time it is celebrated in a special way. For example, in 2021 the university organized a symbolic 3.14 km race.

Born March 15, 1930 Zhores Ivanovich Alferov, Rector of the St. Petersburg Academic University of the Russian Academy of Sciences, scientific director of the Institute of Physics, Nanotechnologies and Telecommunications of St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Nobel Prize laureate, full holder of the Order of Merit for the Fatherland. The works of Soviet and Russian physicists, in fact, opened the way for people into the era of electronics and digital technologies.

Born March 16, 1863 Vladimir Vladimirovich Skobeltsyn– the creator of one of the best physics laboratories in Europe in the 1910s, where for the first time it was necessary to evaluate measurement errors when performing laboratory work. During the difficult years of political unrest and the First World War, he was the director of the Petrograd Polytechnic Institute.

On March 16, 1902, the outstanding designer of artillery systems Fedor Fedorovich Petrov was born. In October 1930, he was transferred to the military-mechanical department of the Leningrad Mechanical Engineering Institute (LMSI), formed as a result of the liquidation of the LPI and the creation of industry institutes. F. F. Petrov developed a 152 mm howitzer, a 122 mm howitzer of the 1938 model – one of the best weapons of this caliber during the Great Patriotic War. At the end of 1942, together with tank designer and polytechnician Zh. I. Kotin, he quickly created the SU-122 self-propelled artillery mount. In 1944, for outstanding services in the design of new types of field, tank and self-propelled artillery, he was awarded the title of Hero of Socialist Labor.

On March 16, 2020, due to the pandemic, Polytechnic went to distance learning. Students and teachers now met “online.” The university introduced digital literacy into all educational programs in advance, so they were able to quickly rebuild the process. Polytechnic specialists also shared their experience with other universities, in particular, they opened free access to online courses and library resources.

On March 17, 1940, Mikhail Ilyich Koshkin, a 1934 graduate of the Leningrad Polytechnic Institute, participated in a demonstration of his T-34 tanks to government members in the Kremlin. The display on Ivanovo Square of the Kremlin in the presence of the entire top leadership of the USSR (I.V. Stalin, M.I. Kalinin, V.M. Molotov and K.E. Voroshilov) and comprehensive bench and sea trials at the tank training ground finally decided the fate of the tank. The T-34 was recommended for immediate production.

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Please note; This information is raw content directly from the information source. It is accurate to what the source is stating and does not reflect the position of MIL-OSI or its clients.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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