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MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –

Source: Novosibirsk State University – Novosibirsk State University –

The results of the regional grant competition of the Russian Science Foundation (RSF) and the Novosibirsk region “Conducting fundamental scientific research and exploratory scientific research by small individual scientific groups” have been summed up. Based on the results of the examination, 375 projects of small scientific groups from 40 regions of Russia will receive funding. Four of them are projects of NSU scientists. In addition, experts awarded grant support to 8 more projects of SB RAS institutes. The leaders of the scientific groups working on these projects are also NSU scientists with dual affiliation.

Regional grants in the amount of up to 1.5 million rubles, designed for two years, are allocated to small scientific groups of up to 4 people and are aimed at carrying out fundamental and exploratory scientific research in 2024 – 2025, 2026. Projects are financed on a parity basis – 50% from the funds of the Russian Science Foundation and 50% from funds provided by the constituent entity of the Russian Federation.

As a result of the competition, the scientists’ projects received grant support Faculty of Physics of NSU:

1. The influence of the concentration of surfactants on the characteristics of gas bubbles in a gas-liquid flow in an inclined pipe. The leader is Maxim Vorobyov, a senior researcher at the Department of Physics, Faculty of Physics and the Scientific and Research Center of NSU.

2. Development of a set of measuring and metrological techniques for diffraction studies of functional materials at SKIF stations. Head – Professor of the Department of Physical Methods for Solid State Research of the Faculty of Physics of NSU Sergey Gromilov.

3. Study of the properties and lasing characteristics of a new nonlinear barium crystal Ba2Ga8GeS16 to create sources of coherent radiation in the mid-IR range with high pulse energy. The head is the head of the laboratory of quantum optical technologies of the Faculty of Physics of NSU Andrey Boyko.

4. Development of new catalysts for the production of hydrogen from renewable raw materials (bioethanol) based on high-entropy oxides with a perovskite and fluorite structure. The head is Yulia Bespalko, senior lecturer at the Department of Physical Methods for Solid State Research, Faculty of Physics, NSU.

Projects of the Institutes of the SB RAS, the leaders of which are NSU scientists:

1. Development of the physical foundations of ultraviolet laser diagnostics of brain tumors (Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics named after S.A. Khristianovich SB RAS). The head is Nikolay Maslov, professor of the Department of General Physics of the Faculty of Physics of NSU.

2. The role of oxides (Rh2O3, PdO, PtO2, Fe2O3, MgO, SiO2, etc.) in the catalytic corrosion of Pt, Pd, Rh and their alloys in the process of high-temperature oxidation of NH3 with air (G.K. Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Siberian Branch Russian Academy of Sciences). Head – senior lecturer of the Department of Physical Methods for Solid State Research of the Faculty of Physics of NSU Alexey Salanov.

3. H-donor potential of alcohols in the processes of catalytic processing of organochlorine compounds (G.K. Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences). Head – assistant of the Department of Physical Chemistry of the Faculty of Natural Sciences of NSU Nikolay Nesterov.

4. Development of a highly efficient catalyst for the dehydrogenation of light alkanes based on zirconium dioxide using the laser evaporation method (G.K. Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences). The head is Alexander Nashivochnikov, laboratory assistant-researcher at the Laboratory of Energy-Saving Catalytic Processes of the Faculty of Natural Sciences of NSU.

5. Hybrid materials based on molybdenum sulfides and phosphides for low-temperature lithium- and sodium-ion batteries – (Institute of Inorganic Chemistry named after A.V. Nikolaev, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences). Head – assistant of the Department of General Chemistry of the Faculty of Natural Sciences Anna Vorfolomeeva.

6. Pd-catalyzed arylation of non-activated alkenes as a rational approach to the synthesis of new selective antitumor agents (Novosibirsk Institute of Organic Chemistry named after N.N. Vorozhtsov SB RAS). Head – senior lecturer of the Department of Organic Chemistry of the Faculty of Natural Sciences Sergey Patrushev.

7. Study of the potential of DNAaptamers against DKK1 and sclerostin as promising targeted agents for the treatment of osteoporosis on an in vitro model (Institute of Cytology and Genetics of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences) Head – senior lecturer of the Department of Internal Medicine of the Institute of Medicine and Psychology of NSU Viktor Omelchenko.

8. Using the best available technologies to reduce the carbon footprint at enterprises in the Novosibirsk region (Institute of Economics and Organization of Industrial Production, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences). Head – Professor of the Department of Economic Theory of the Faculty of Economics of NSU Tatyana Tagaeva.

Before the launch of the competitions, the regions independently determined the scientific and scientific-technical areas in which research was required. Projects related to the creation of new or improvement of existing technologies received priority support.

The project of the scientific group led by Sergei Gromilov is devoted to the development of an attachment for accurately determining the parameters of unit cells of single crystals on laboratory instruments and future synchrotron radiation stations of SKIF. The operating principle of the console is based on original methods previously developed by NSU scientists. Their main uniqueness is the ability to use standard, widely used X-ray diffractometers without changing their design, since other existing techniques usually require special parameters of the device and radiation source, as well as a complex data processing procedure.

— The creation of a removable attachment and its use on bright synchrotron radiation will make it possible to carry out measurements at large diffraction angles and, according to preliminary calculations, to reduce the relative error in determining the parameters of unit cells of single crystals to 10-6. Such accuracy will allow precision research to be carried out at SKIF stations both to study functional materials of crystalline phases and to certify new standards for solving a wide range of practical problems,” commented Sergei Gromilov.

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EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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