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Source: State University Higher School of Economics – State University “Higher School of Economics” –

Scientists from the National Research University Higher School of Economics conducted a study among undergraduates to determine which life choices they consider the most important. All respondents associated their successes and failures with education. Decisions in other important areas, such as relationships with loved ones or choosing a place to live, were also often viewed through the prism of education. Studypublished in the journal Frontiers in Psychology.

The study was carried out within the framework of the project “Life choices and decision-making under conditions of uncertainty” during the implementation of the strategic project “Social Policy for Sustainable Development and Inclusive Economic Growth” of the National Research University Higher School of Economics program “Priority 2030”.

Throughout life, a person is constantly faced with the need to make a choice: which university to enter, where to live, work, and with whom to communicate. Decision making is influenced by many factors, from personal to sociocultural. A person’s level of self-esteem, the degree of his independence from loved ones in his judgments, relationships in the family, the number of options from which to choose, whether he belongs to an individualistic or collectivist culture – all of this influences the decision-making process.

The largest number of vital decisions occur at the stage of so-called emerging adulthood. This is a special life period identified by psychologists at the beginning of the 21st century in connection with an increase in life expectancy and a slowdown in psychological development. Emerging adults are young people between the ages of approximately 16 and 30 who leave their parents’ home, experience new experiences, and gradually transition into adult roles: deciding to start a family, choosing a career path, and shaping their community.

ScientistsCenter for Contemporary Childhood Research The Institute of Education of the National Research University Higher School of Economics studied which choice young people consider the most important and how they evaluate it in the context of their life trajectory. The study involved 30 volunteers (average age 25 years) from among students of various master’s programs at the National Research University Higher School of Economics.

Respondents were asked to write two essays, each 300–1000 words long, describing their best and worst life decisions. Participants had to tell what exactly happened, where and when, who was next to them, what feelings they experienced at that moment and how they feel now. Thanks to the unified structure of the essay, the scientists were able to conduct a high-quality thematic analysis and highlight the most significant areas of life decisions.

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It turned out that both successful and unsuccessful decisions were associated with five areas of life:

higher education;

training and work;

romantic and friendly relationships;

relationships with relatives;

Moving to another city.

For example, participants noted the choice of university, educational program, and scientific advisor as a good choice. These same decisions were described in the essays by other participants as failures in life. It is interesting that for many informants, important decisions affecting other areas were still related to education. For example, students ended romantic relationships, separated from their families, and moved to another city, often precisely in connection with educational purposes. The authors of the study emphasize that the identified life spheres are typical specifically for emerging adults.

It is significant that such seemingly important topics as health, finances or everyday life are not at all visible to young people. Buying an apartment, changing jobs because of salary, or deciding to lead a healthy lifestyle are not reflected in the life trajectory of emerging adults. We assume that this is primarily due to the age of the participants.

The results of the work are important not only in the light of studying the topic of life choice in sociological and psychological research, but can also be useful on a global scale: in order to make decisions in the social sphere, allocate benefits, influence public opinion, it is useful for the state to know what people consider important in life. life and what is perceived positively and negatively.

We continue research related to choices at different periods of a person’s life. The essay stage allowed us to identify priority solutions for young people. We have now moved on to the next stage – conducting interviews, mass quantitative surveys among social groups with different life experiences in order to better understand the peculiarities of the decision-making process in different areas.

May 21st

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Note; This information is raw content directly from the source of the information. This is exactly what the source states and does not reflect the position of MIL-OSI or its clients.

Please note; This information is raw content directly from the information source. It is accurate to what the source is stating and does not reflect the position of MIL-OSI or its clients.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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